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Zarqa

Country
Jordan
State
Zarqa Governorate
City
Zarqa
Type of Location
Multiple
About Location

Zarqa is a city in Jordan located to the northeast of Amman. With a population of 440,227, it is the country's third largest city after Amman and Irbid.Zarqa is the capital of Zarqa Governorate (Muhafazat az-Zarqa).Its name means the blue one.

Zarqa is Jordan's industrial centre, home to over 50% of Jordanian factories.The growth of industry in the city is the result of low real estate costs and proximity to the capital, Amman.The city of Zarqa was established by immigrants from the Caspian Sea region at the beginning of the twentieth century, initially on the banks of the Zarqa River, the population grew steadily with the construction of the Hejaz railway by the ottomans.The bases of the Jordanian army, formerly called the Arab Legion, were located in Zarqa.

The first settlement in the city was in 1902 by Chechen immigrants who were displaced from the wars between the Ottoman and Russian Empires.They settled along the Zarqa River.At that time a station on the Hejaz railway was built in the new settlement, this railway station turned Zarqa into an important hub.On April 10, 1905 the Ottoman governor issued a decree that allowed the Chechen immigrants to own lands which they settled on.The population then quickly grew in size.On November 18, 1928 the new Jordanian government issued a decree to establish the first municipal council for Zarqa.

After the Jordan Frontier Force was formed in 1926, military bases were constructed in the city by the British army, and the city later became known as the military city.A new railway will be constructed to connect Amman with Az-Zarqa.The project is now being devoped by a Spanish engineering company and will be paid with Kuwaiti funds.There are three universities in Zarqa: Hashemite University, Al-Balqa Applied University-Zarqa College, and Zarqa University.



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How to Reach

By Train

A new railway will be constructed to connect Amman with Az-Zarqa.The project is now being devoped by a Spanish engineering company and will be paid with Kuwaiti funds.

By Air

International Air Charter is able to handle all of your air charter services to or from Zarqa Airport.We will make sure that the flight you pick is the right one for you.The staff we use has years of experience in the air charter industry and will be sure that the flight you choose to or from Zarqa Airport is the right one for you.

Key places to visit
Zarqa River, Jerash, Umm Qais, Amman, The Dead Sea


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Places to Visit

Zarqa River

Is the second largest tributary of the lower Jordan River, after the Yarmouk River.It is the third largest river in the region by annual discharge, and its watershed encompasses the most densely populated areas east of the Jordan River.It rises in springs near Amman, and flows through a deep and broad valley (which is identified with the biblical Jabbok River) into the Jordan, at an elevation 1,090 meters (3,580 ft) lower.The river is heavily polluted and its restoration is one of the top priorities for the Jordanian Ministry of the Environment.

Jerash

The Decapolis city of Gerasa, is one of the best preserved and most complete Graeco-Roman cities in existence.It is known as the Pompeii of the East for its extraordinary state of preservation.You can feel the impact of the Roman civilisation, architecture and culture on this biblical area.Its engineering was so advanced that large parts of the city still survive today.You can see the original temples, theatres, plazas, baths and the famous 600 metres long colonnaded street, all enclosed within the remaining city walls.Frequent sound and light shows are held during the summer months.

Umm Qais

Another Decapolis City, Gadara, Umm Qais was an ancient city of arts.The Ottoman governor’s house has been restored and opened as a museum.Tucked away in the black basalt hillside, 380 metres high, Umm Qais, not as extensively renovated as Jerash, offers incomparable panoramic views over the northern Jordan valley, the Sea of Galilee (Lake Tiberius), the Yarmouk Gorge and the Golan Heights. On a clear day, snow topped Mount Hermon is visible.

Amman

Built on the site of the Graeco-Roman city of Philadelphia, is the ancient and modern capital of Jordan.Originally, like Rome, it was built on seven hills or Jebels, each of which more or less defines a neighbourhood.Many Jebels once had a traffic circle (roundabout) at their peak; now almost all of the circles have been replaced by traffic lights.However, the junctions are still known as First Circle, Second Circle, etc. and Amman now covers at least nineteen hills.Places of interest – the Citadel, the ruins of the Temple of Hercules, the Roman Theatre, the Nymphium, the Archaeological Museum, King Abdullah Mosque, the downtown market and the gold souq.

The Dead Sea

Is surrounded by mountains and valleys walked by ancient prophets and imperial armies throughout the ages. At 400 metres below sea level, the sea is devoid of life due to the extremely high content of salts and minerals.It is these natural elements which give the waters their curative powers, recognized since the days of Herod the Great more than 2,000 years ago.Step into the warm, soothing water and try as you may, it is impossible to sink in the thick brine which is five to ten times as salty as regular sea water.One can, however, recline on the water and read a newspaper.The high atmospheric pressure and oxygen rich air make this the most relaxing and healthy place in the world.

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