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Yogyakarta

Country
Indonesia
State
Yogyakarta Special Region
City
Yogyakarta
Type of Location
Multiple
About Location

Yogyakarta is a city in the Yogyakarta Special Region, Indonesia.It is renowned as a centre of classical Javanese fine art and culture such as batik, ballet, drama, music, poetry, and puppet shows.Yogyakarta was the Indonesian capital during the Indonesian National Revolution from 1945 to 1949.The area of the city of Yogyakarta is 32.5 km2.While the city spreads in all directions from the kraton (the Sultan's palace), the core of the modern city is to the north, centring around Dutch colonial-era buildings and the commercial district.Jalan Malioboro, with rows of pavement vendors and nearby market and malls, is the primary shopping street for tourists in the city, while Jalan Solo, further north, is a shopping district more frequented by locals.At the southern end of Malioboro, on the east side is the large local market of Beringharjo, not far from Fort Vredeburg a restored Dutch fort.

At Yogyakarta's centre is the kraton, or Sultan's palace.Surrounding the kraton is a densely populated residential neighbourhood that occupies land that was formerly the Sultan's sole domain.Evidence of this former use remains in the form of old walls and the ruined Taman Sari, built in 1758 as a pleasure garden.No longer used by the sultan, the garden had been largely abandoned.For a time, it was used for housing by palace employees and descendants.Reconstruction efforts began in 2004, and an effort to renew the neighbourhood around the kraton has begun.The site is a developing tourist attraction.Yogyakarta is known for its silver work, leather puppets used for shadow plays (wayang kulit), and a unique style of making batik dyed fabric.It is also known for its vivid contemporary art scene.Yogyakarta is also known for its gamelan music, including the unique style Gamelan Yogyakarta, which developed in the courts.

Nearby to the city of Yogyakarta is Mount Merapi.The northern outskirts of the city run up to the southern slopes of the mountain in Sleman Regency (Indonesian language–Kabupaten).Gunung Merapi (literally Mountain of Fire in Indonesian/Javanese), is an active Stratavolcano located on the border between Central Java and Yogyakarta, Indonesia.It is the most active volcano in Indonesia and has erupted regularly since 1548.The volcano last erupted in November 2010.Yogyakarta is also a haven for underground art.It is home to many independent filmmaking communities, independent musicians, performance artists, and visual artists.One underground community that is internationally reputable among art collectors but barely heard of within the country is the Taring Padi community in Bantul, which produces posters using a technique called cukil daren kidul Dono Kerto Turi.

Most population is Javanese, but being a student city, there are also significant population of people from other ethnicities in Indonesia.This status makes Yogyakarta as one of the most heterogeneous cities in terms of ethnicity in Indonesia. Indonesian as the official national language, and Javanese are widely used as daily spoken languages, especially by the Javanese.The City of Jogjakarta and the Kingdom of Jogjakarta was established as a result of a "Gianti war treaty" (Perjanjian Gianti) by HRH Prince Mangkubumi, who later become HRH Sultan Hamengkubuwono I.Officially, the creation of Kingdom of Jogjakarta is dated to October 7, 1756 as a result of civil war among the bloodline of The Kingdom of Mataram.The civil war was fought against Hamengkubuwono's and his elder brother, HRH Sunan Pakubuwono II.This civil war marked the end of the Kingdom of Mataram and resulted in the birth of the Kingdom of Jogjakarta and the Kingdom of Surakarta.



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How to Reach

By Air

Yogyakarta is served by Adisucipto International Airport which connects the city with some other major cities in Indonesia, such as Jakarta, Surabaya, Bali, Makassar, Balikpapan, Banjarmasin, and Pontianak. It also connects the city with Singapore (operated by Indonesia AirAsia) and Kuala Lumpur (operated by AirAsia and Malaysia Airlines).

By Train

The city is located on one of the two major railway lines across Java between Jakarta / Bandung and Surabaya. It has two passenger railway stations, Tugu Railway Station which serves business and executive class trains, and Lempuyangan Station which serves economy class trains. Both stations are located in the heart of the city.

By Bus

The city has an extensive system of public city buses, and is a major destination for inter-city buses to elsewhere on Java or Bali, as well as taxis, andongs, and becaks.Motorbikes are by far the most commonly used personal transportation, but an increasing number of residents own automobiles.

Key places to visit
Monument Yogya Kembali, Fort Vredeburg, Taman Sari Water Castle, Masjid Gede Kauman, Mount Merapi


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Places to Visit

Monument Yogya Kembali

Is a pyramid-shaped museum dedicated to the Indonesian National Revolution located in the Ngaglik sub-district, Sleman, Special Region of Yogyakarta, Indonesia.Exhibits include 10 dioramas of key moments in the revolution, artifacts left over from the colonial period and revolution, a list of 420 revolutionaries who were killed between 19 December 1948 and 29 June 1949, as well as a silent memorial room.

Fort Vredeburg

Is a fortress built by the Dutch in Yogyakarta during Colonial times. It is located in front of Gedung Agung, one of seven presidential palaces in Indonesia and the Sultan Palace called Kraton. It was built in 1765 to protect the Dutch governor. It is surrounded by a trench that is still visible.This square-shaped fortress has a watchtower at each of its four corners. In the past, the Dutch troops patrolled frequently on its wall.Nowadays, the fortress has become a museum. In some buildings in the fortress there are dioramas on Indonesian history.

Taman Sari Water Castle

Is a site of a former royal garden of the Sultanate of Yogyakarta.It is located about 2 km south within the grounds of the Kraton, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Built in mid 18th century, the Taman Sari had multiple functions, such as a resting area, a workshop, a meditation area, a defense area, and a hiding place.Taman Sari consisted of four distinct areas: a large artificial lake with islands and pavilions located in the west, a bathing complex in the centre, a complex of pavilions and pools in the south, and a smaller lake in the east.Today only the central bathing complex is well preserved, while the other areas have been largely occupied by the Kampung Taman settlement.

Masjid Gede Kauman

One of the oldest and largest mosque in Yogyakarta.Located on the west of Alun-alun Utara, this mosque was where the Sultan performs his religious rites and ceremonies. Non-muslim visitors should wear decent clothing.It may be a good idea to ask the mosque authorities prior to entering the mosque due to some rules that must be abide.

Mount Merapi

Is an active stratovolcano located on the border between Central Java and Yogyakarta, Indonesia.It is the most active volcano in Indonesia and has erupted regularly since 1548.It is located approximately 28 kilometres (17 mi) north of Yogyakarta city, and thousands of people live on the flanks of the volcano, with villages as high as 1,700 metres (5,600 ft) above sea level.

Right Time to Visit

October - June
July - September
November - April

Temperature

Information not available


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