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Varna

Country
Bulgaria
State
Varna
City
Varna
Type of Location
Multiple
About Location

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Places to Visit
How to Reach

By Air

Varna Airport (IATA: VAR) (ICAO: LBWN), 8 km west of the city centre. Easy bus and taxi connection to city centre and resorts.

By train

Central train station is located within walking distance from city centre and cruise terminal, there is bus and taxi connection to airport, bus stations, and resorts. Regular connections to/from Sofia, Plovdiv, and Rousse.International trains to/from Prague (Czech Republic), Krakow (Poland), Moscow, and Saratov (Russia).

By Bus

There are two bus stations in Varna, one serving the local area and one for longer connections to Sofia, Veliko Tarnovo, Burgas, Plovdiv, Istanbul, Greece, Romania, Central and Western Europe. They aren't that easy to find, so take a taxi. As you approach them from the city centre, the station to the left is the local one, to the right is the long distance one.

By Car

Varna can be reached by Haemus Motorway (A2) from Sofia, E70 from Rousse (and Bucharest), E87 from Constanta, Romania, and Cherno More Motorway (A3)/E87 from Istanbul, Turkey.

By Ship

Varna is Bulgaria's only cruise destination. Cruise terminal is located near city centre, close to train station, walking distance to Sea Garden and beaches.Bus and taxi connection to city centre, bus stations, airport, and resorts.There are ferry lines (buses only) to Ukraine and Georgia.There a ferry to Ilichevsk (Odessa) in the Ukraine and Poti & Batumi in Georgia.

Key places to visit
Varna Archaeological Museum, Sea Garden, Varna Aquarium, Bulgarian Eastern Orthodox Church, Euxinograd Palace, Art Nouveau Mansion, Golden Sands, Thracian Burial Mound


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Places to Visit

Varna Archaeological Museum

is an archaeological museum in the city of Varna on the Black Sea coast of Bulgaria.One of the largest museums in Bulgaria, it features 2,150 m2 of exhibition area and displays objects from the prehistoric, Thracian, Ancient Greek and Ancient Roman periods of the region's history, as well as from the times of the medieval Bulgarian and Byzantine Empires, the Ottoman rule and the Bulgarian National Revival (including about 900 medieval and Revival icons).The Museum's arguably most celebrated exhibit is the Gold of Varna, the oldest gold treasure in the world, excavated in 1972 and dating to 4600-4200 BCE, which occupies three separate exhibition halls.The museum also manages two open-air archaeological sites, the large Roman baths in the city centre and the medieval grotto of Aladzha Monastery at Golden Sands Nature Park.

Sea Garden

Is the Bulgarian port city of Varna's largest, oldest and best known public park, also said to be the largest landscaped park in the Balkans. Located along the city's coast on the Black Sea, it is an important tourist attraction and a national monument of landscape architecture.The site where today the Sea Garden is located was until the middle of the 19th century a bare field outside the city walls. In 1862 a small garden was arranged on the orders of the city's Ottoman mayor. After the Liberation of Bulgaria in 1878 mayor Mihail Koloni suggested the arrangement of a city garden and a seaside park in 1881, and despite suspicions a small sum was granted. As a result the Sea Garden was expanded to 26,000 m2 and further developed according to the plan of French engineer Martinice.

Varna Aquarium

Is a public aquarium in Varna, Bulgaria's largest city on the Black Sea coast. The aquarium's exhibition focuses on the Black Sea's flora and fauna which includes over 140 fish species, but also features freshwater fish, Mediterranean fish, exotic species from faraway areas of the World Ocean, mussels and algae.The foundation of the aquarium was initiated by Prince Ferdinand I on 6 January 1906 in the Euxinograd palace. Ferdinand entrusted Doctor Parashkev Stoyanov with the establishment of a maritime biological station. The monarch also requested assistance from the prominent German biologist Anton Dohrn, founder of the Stazione Zoologica in Naples, who provided Ferdinand with blueprints and photographs of the Naples station. On 25 January 1906, the Varna Municipal Council alloted money for the aquarium's construction and appointed a commission in order to select a suitable location for the building. The foundation stone was laid on 22 October the same year in Varna's Sea Garden in the presence of Prince Ferdinand and the Bulgarian Royal Family, as well as many important statesmen and intellectuals.The aquarium's edifice was constructed to the design of Munich-educated Varna architect Dabko Dabkov.The building's facade is decorated with a sizable bas-relief of a clam and smaller reliefs of popular Black Sea species.

Right Time to Visit

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