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Turin

Country
Italy
State
Pedemontium
City
Turin
Type of Location
Multiple
About Location

Turin, capital of the north Italian region of Piedmont and the province of the same name, lies on the left bank of the Po in a fertile plain, at the confluence of the Rivers Dora Riparia and Po.

The regularity of the city's layout is an inheritance from Roman times; its present aspect was largely shaped by the architects of the Baroque period, chief among whom were Guarino Guarini (1624-83) of Modena and the Sicilian Filippo Juvarra (1678-1736). Many of the long straight streets of Turin are lined with arcades. Turin is the see of an archbishop.

The city's varied range of industry includes a number of large firms, among them the Fiat and Lancia car plants, factories manufacturing engines and rolling-stock, an electricity corporation, plants producing man-made fibers (Snia, Viscosa), woolen and cotton mills, etc. Turin is also renowned for its vermouths (Martini & Rossi, Cinzano), its chocolate and the sweets called caramelle.

Taurasia, capital of a Celto-Ligurian tribe, the Taurini, became a Roman colony in the time of Augustus under the name of Augusta Taurinorum. In the Frankish period it was the seat of a marquis, but the town did not really begin to develop until it passed in 1418 to the main branch of the counts of Savoy. During the War of the Spanish Succession it was besieged by the French but was relieved in 1706 by Prince Eugene of Savoy and Prince Leopold of Anhalt-Dessau. In 1720 it became capital of the Kingdom of Sardinia and Piedmont, and after the French occupation (1798-1814) became the center of the Italian striving towards unity. From 1861 to 1865 it was capital of the Kingdom of Italy. The house of Savoy kept its royal status until 1945.



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How to Reach

By Air

Turin International Airport provides air connections to the city and is a busy facility serving over five million passengers per year. The airport is located to the north of the city and is well served by ground transportation options, which include shuttle buses, public buses, trains, taxis and limousines. Flights to Turin come from a large number of European cities as well as from the US and other international destinations.

By Rail

Rail services operated by Ferrovie dello Stato, the state rail company, provide both indirect and direct connections between Porta Nuova, the city’s central train station, and regional, national and European cities. Porto Susa, the city’s other station, serves both east and west bound connections. From Porto Nuova, services are available to and from Milan, Genoa, Pisa and Rome as well as Paris and Barcelona.

By Bus

Eurolines and Sadem provide connections between the city of Turin and regional and national destinations including include Milan, Palermo and the Aosta Valley. Services operate to and from the city’s main bus terminal (tel: +39 11 433 8100). International connections are also operated by Eurolines and include international services between Turin and Barcelona, Briançon, Lyons, London, Madrid, Montegenèvre and Holland.

By Car

Turin is easily reached by car, having good connections with a number of major motorways and highways. If travelling from Venice or Milan, access is available via the A4 motorway; from Aosta and Ivrea, the A5 provides access; from Savona, Ceva and Fossano, take the A6; from Genoa, Alessandria and Asti, take the A21; and from France, take the A32.

Key places to visit
Egyptian Museum, Basilica di Superga, Holy Shroud, Parco del Valentino, Galleria d'Arte Moderna


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Places to Visit

Egyptian Museum

The Palazzo dell'Accademia delle Scienze in Turin houses the Egyptian Museum, one of the finest collections of Egyptian antiquities in the world, with numerous statues of pharaohs of the New Kingdom, including Rameses II, papyruses and two tomb chambers from Thebes.

Basilica di Superga

10km/6mi northeast of Turin, reached on a road which follows the Po to the suburb of Sassi (218m/719ft) and then winds its way up to the top of the hill (or rack railroad from Sassi, 16 minutes), is the Basilica di Superga (672m/2,218ft), on the second highest hill in the Colli Torinesi. This large and conspicuous church, built on a centralized plan with a dome 75m/248ft high flanked by 60m/198ft high towers, the masterpiece of the great Baroque architect Juvarra, was erected in 1717-31 to commemorate Prince Eugene's victory in 1706 and served as the mausoleum of the royal house of Savoy from 1730 to 1849 (tombs in crypt). From the terrace in front of the church, in clear weather, there is a prospect of the Alps; from the forecourt there is a view of Turin.

Holy Shroud

An urn above the altar in the Turin Cathedral contains the Santa Sindone or Santo Sudario, the linen cloth in which according to legend the body of Christ was wrapped after his descent from the Cross; however, scientific research has proved that the linen cloth dates from the Middle Ages. The original is rarely displayed; however, there is a full-size replica in the north aisle of the cathedral. Beside the cathedral are the remains of a Roman theater (first century A.D.).

Parco del Valentino

Southwest of the Monte dei Cappuccini, beyond the Ponte Umberto I, is the large Parco del Valentino on the left bank of the Po, together with the Botanic Gardens (established 1729) and the fine Renaissance Castello del Valentino (1630-60). Towards the south end of the park stands the impressive equestrian statue of Duke Amadeo of Aosta (king of Spain 1870-73), erected in 1902.

Galleria d'Arte Moderna

The Galleria d'Arte Moderna (1942), is one of the finest collections of modern art in Italy. Here can be seen pictures by the Italian artists Modigliani, De Chirico, Carrà, De Pisis and Guttuso, as well as by foreign artists such as Renoir, Utrillo, Paul Klee, Max Ernst, Chagall and others.

Right Time to Visit

Information not available

Temperature

July - August -> 29(°C) - Summer
January - February -> -2(°C) - Winter


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