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Trondheim is a city and municipality in Sor-Trondelag county, Norway.With a population of 173,486, it is the third most populous municipality and city in the country, although the fourth largest metropolitan area.It is the administrative center of Sor-Trondelag county.rondheim lies on the south shore of the Trondheimsfjord at the mouth of the river Nidelva.The city is dominated by the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), SINTEF, St. Olavs University Hospital and other technology-oriented institutions.The settlement was founded in 997 as a trading post, and was the capital of Norway during the Viking Age until 1217.From 1152 to 1537, the city was the seat of the Archdiocese of Nidaros; since it has remained the seat of the Diocese of Nidaros and the Nidaros Cathedral.It was incorporated in 1838.The current municipality dates from 1964, when Trondheim merged with Byneset, Leinstrand, Strinda and Tiller.

Trondheim was named Kaupangen (English: market place or trading place) by Viking King Olav Tryggvason in 997.Fairly soon, it came to be called Nidaros.In the beginning it was frequently used as a military retainer (Old Norse: "hird"-man) of King Olav.It was frequently used as the seat of the king, and was capital of Norway until 1217.People have been living in the region for thousands of years as evidenced by the rock carvings in central Norway, the Nostvet and Lihult cultures and the Corded Ware culture.In ancient times, the Kings of Norway were hailed at Oretinget in Trondheim, the place for the assembly of all free men by the mouth of the river Nidelva.Harald Fairhair (865–933) was hailed as the king here, as was his son, Haakon I called 'the Good'.The battle of Kalvskinnet took place in Trondheim in 1179: King Sverre Sigurdsson and his Birkebeiner warriors were victorious against Erling Skakke (a rival to the throne).Some scholars believe that the famous Lewis chessmen, 12th century chess pieces carved from walrus ivory found in the Hebrides and now at the British Museum, may have been made in Trondheim.

The coat-of-arms dates back to the 13th century.To the left, there is an archbishop with his staff and mitre in a church archway.On the right, a crowned king holding scales in a castle archway.These two pictures rest on a base which forms an arch.Underneath that arch, are three male heads which symbolize the city's rank as Norway's first capital and the archbishop's place of residence.The scales symbolize justice and the motif is based on the political philosophy of the 13th century, where the balance of power between king and church was an important issue.The three heads at the bottom may symbolize the city council.The motif is unique in Norwegian municipal heraldry, but similar motifs are found in bishopric cities on the continent.The design of the coat-of-arms that was adopted in 1897, and is still used today, was made by Hakon Thorsen.

Trondheim is situated where the river Nidelva meets Trondheimsfjorden with an excellent harbour and sheltered condition.The river used to be deep enough for most boats in the Middle Ages.An avalanche of mud and stones made it less navigable and partly ruined the harbour in the mid-17thcentury.The municipality's top elevation is the Storheia hill, 565 metres (1,854 ft) above sea level.At summer solstice, the sun rises at 03:00 and sets at 23:40, but stays just below the horizon there is no darkness from 20 May to 20 July.At winter solstice, the sun rises at 10:00, stays very low above the horizon, and sets at 14:30.

How to Reach

By Air

Trondheim has an international airport, Trondheim Airport, Værnes, situated in Stjordal, which is Norway's fourth largest airport in terms of passenger traffic.

By Train

Major railway connections are the northbound Nordland Line, the eastbound Meraker Line to are and Ostersund in Sweden, and two southbound connections to Oslo, the Roros Line and Dovre Line.The Coastal Express ships (Hurtigruten: Covering the Bergen–Kirkenes stretch of the coast) call at Trondheim, as do many cruise ships during the summer season.Since 1994 there is also a fast commuter boat service to Kristiansund, the closest coastal city to the southwest.Trondheim also boasts the northernmost (since closure of Arkhangelsk tram in 2004) tramway line in the world: the Grakallen Line, the last remaining segment of the Trondheim Tramway, is an 8.8 kilometres (5.5 mi) route (which is mostly single-track outside the inner most parts of the city; except the stretch between Breidablikk and Nordre Hoem stations) which runs from the city centre, through the Byasen district, and up to Lian, in the large recreation area Bymarka.Trondheim boasts the world's only bicycle lift, Trampe.

By Bus

The bus network, operated by AtB, runs throughout most of the city and its suburbs.Bus service starts at about 05:00 and the latest service is around midnight.\In addition, the Nattbuss (Night Bus) service ensures cheap and effective transport for those enjoying nightlife in the city centre during the weekends.Note that the Nattbus has other prices than ordinary buses.The European route E6 highway passes through the city centre of Trondheim in addition to a motorway bypass along the eastern rim of the city.

Key places to visit
Kristiansten Fortress, Nidaros Cathedral, Trondheim Science Museum, Ringve Museum, Stifts Garden


Places to Visit

Kristiansten Fortress

Is located on a hill east of the city of Trondheim in Sor-Trondelag county, Norway.It was built after the city fire of Trondheim in 1681 to protect the city against attack from the east.Construction was finished in 1685.It fulfilled its purpose in 1718 when Swedish forces laid siege against Trondheim.The fortress was decommissioned in 1816 by king Charles XIV John.

Nidaros Cathedral

Is a church located in the city of Trondheim in Sør-Trøndelag county, Norway.It was the cathedral of the Norwegian archdiocese, from its establishment in 1152 until its abolition in 1537. Since the Reformation, it has been the cathedral of the Lutheran bishops of Trondheim (or Nidaros) in the Diocese of Nidaros.The architectural style of the cathedral is Romanesque and Gothic. Historically it was an important destination for pilgrims coming from all of Northern Europe.Along with Var Frue Church, the cathedral is part of the Nidaros og Var Frue parish in the Nidaros deanery in the Diocese of Nidaros.

Trondheim Science Museum

Is a scientific hands-on experience center located in the Kongens gate area of Trondheim, Norway.Trondheim Science Museum is a scientific hands-on experience center which offers many activities in addition to the exhibition.Visitors can conduct experiments on the displayed models. Some of these include the Planetarium, kitchen chemistry, Experiment Club, robotlab, inventor workshops and popular lectures.Trondheim Science Museum is located in the former premises of the Bank of Norway in Trondheim which was designed in 1830-1831 by architect Ole Peter Riis Høegh (1806-1852) after preparatory work by the architect J. C. Raeder.The building was completed in 1833.The current appearance was the result of renovation and modernization in 1897 by architects Johan Martinus Christensen (1863-1935) and Lars Solberg (1858-1921).

Ringve Museum

Is Norway's national museum for music and musical instruments, with collections from all over the world.The museum is based on the private collection of founder Victoria Bachke and was opened to the public in 1952. Jon Voigt (1928-1997) succeeded Victoria Bachke as director in 1963 and continued until 1997.Over the years many famous musicians visited Ringve, including Artur Schnabel, Lilly Krauss, Ignaz Friedman, Percy Grainger and Kirsten Flagstad, as well as the artist, Edvard Munch.

Stifts Garden

Is the royal residence in Trondheim, Norway.It is centrally situated on the city’s most important thoroughfare, Munkegaten.At 140 rooms constituting 4000 m2 (43000 ft2), it is possibly the largest wooden building in Northern Europe, and it has been used by royals and their guests since 1800.Prominent guests resided there when in Trondheim.Thus, this location has been the place of residence in Trondheim for the Norwegian Royal Family since 1704.The first royals ever to visit the present building were Crown Prince Frederik and Princes Carl and Frederick of Hesse, who were the guests of General von Krogh in 1788.

Right Time to Visit

September - December
May - July


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