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Trnava

Country
Slovakia
State
Trnavsky
City
Trnava
Type of Location
Multiple
About Location

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Places to Visit
How to Reach

By plane

Bratislava Airport (IATA: BTS) is nearest commercial airport located about 40 km southward. Another close airport is Vienna International Airport (IATA: VIE). Small airport serving mostly ultra-light aviation is located some 10 km westward near village of Boleraz.

By train

Trnava lies on major Slovak train route (from Bratislava to Kosice). Therefore there is quite easy railway access from most of major Slovak cities. Train travel from Bratislava takes only about 30 minutes. There are another two railway lines stemming from Trnava: one with westward direction (Smolenice, Kuty) and another leading south-east to town of Sered. Trnava has direct railway connections with these European capitals: Vienna, Warsaw. Kiev.

By bus

Trnava is located on major D1 Slovak freeway and close to its R1 intersection. It has good connection to Slovak capital Bratislava and nearby cities such as Nitra, Piestany, Trencin. Bus station is located is located near Trnava city center next to railway station. There are buses leaving to/arriving from Bratislava at least once in every hour, more frequently in peak hours. Quite many people commute from Trnava to Bratislava and also from nearby villages to Trnava. Bus travel from Bratislava to Trnava takes about 50 minutes. There are direct bus lines to some major European cities such as Prague, Vienna, Munich.

Key places to visit
St. John the Baptist Cathedral, Trojicne Square – the City Tower, City fortification, Archbishop's palace, ST Nicolas church, Town Hall


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Places to Visit

St. John the Baptist Cathedral

St. John the Baptist Cathedral is one of the most significant historic monuments of Trnava, western Slovakia.The Cathedral is the first purely Baroque building built in present-day Slovakia.[2] It is part of a complex of academical buildings. The donor of this Cathedral, Miklós Eszterházy, entrusted its construction to the Italian masters Antonio and Pietro Spazzi in 1629. The not-yet-finished cathedral was consecrated in 1637.
The single-nave two-tower Cathedral with straight seal of sanctuary has a west aspect and is about 61m in length and 28m in width. Above its main portal there is a shield with figures of seated angels and the stoned crest of the Esterházy family.


Trojicne Square – the City Tower

Trojičné Square is another nice and interesting historical site you must see in Trnava city. From the St. Nicolas’s Square you just have to walk along a narrow street named M. Schneider Trnavský Street and further down the Hviezdoslavova Street. Both squares are separated just by few metres. A 187 ft (57m) tall City Tower looms high over the Trojičné Square. A gold-plated Virgin Mary’s sculpture stands besides a big clock and bells on the tower top. If you climb up to a terrace, you can enjoy a beautiful panorama of this historical city.  The City Tower houses a Tourist Information Centre opened all week except Sunday. Climbing the tower is accessible only at: 10.30am, 1.30pm and 3.30pm. Ján Palárik Theatre is situated at the edge of the Square. Its curtains revealed the stage for the first time in 1831.  A Holy Trinity Statue towers in the middle of the Square surrounded by Renaissance Noblemen’s mansions.  

City fortification

Discovering Trnava’s beauties you should start in the historical city centre.  It is surrounded by a fortification erected to protect the city against enemies. The 0.93mi (1.5km) long fortification wall has preserved up to the present time, mainly in the western and eastern parts of the historical centre. It was originally 26- 32 ft (8-10m) tall and 9.8 ft (3m) wide. Built in the thirteenth century, it has been reconstructed several times and nowadays it is an important historical monument.  The city fortification is situated just behind St. Nicolas’ Cathedral. If you continue walking, you will find a footbridge that connects historical city with modern residential areas.

Archbishop's palace

It is situated of sideways to the cathedral. This Renaissance construction was built in 1562 on earlier Gothic foundations. In the 16th century there was added the wings of the courtyard and in the 1615 was built the archives and the library. Today it is the seat of Archbishop of the Trnava-Bratislava diocese.

ST Nicolas church

It is one of the most ancient churches in town, consecrated to St. Nicolas, patron of the merchants. This construction with three naves was built in Late-gothic style in 1380 and finished in the middle of the 15th century.
Trnava In the 18th century on the north part of the cathedral it was added the baroque chapel, in its middle is painting of Blessing Virgin Mary, also known as a picture of the graceful Virgin Mary of Trnava. The painting is of the beginning 16th sectury and it is a replica of a gracious painting of Virgin Mary exhibited in St. Alexei and Bonifacio Church in Rome.

Town Hall

Trnava The previous medioevale building has been more times reconstructed. In 1791 it has been reconstructed in Classical style and later they have been puttinges baroque elements. Today it is the seat of the Trnava's mayor.

Right Time to Visit

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