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Cautin Province
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About Location

Temuco is a city and commune,capital of the Cautin Province and of the Araucania Region in southern Chile.The name comes from the Mapudungun language, meaning "temu water" temu is a tree used by Mapuches for medicinal purposes.The city is located 670 km south of Santiago.Because it is near lake-based resort centers,it is considered a hub for tourist excursions.

Chilean poetry has deep roots in Temuco.Nobel Poets Gabriela Mistral and Pablo Neruda (Neftali Reyes) both lived in Temuco.Mistral was the principal of an all-girls school where Neruda would visit her and show her his first verses when he was around 15 years old.The city was founded on February 24, 1881 as a fort during the Occupation of the Araucania.Manuel Recabarren,in charge of the project, named the place Fuerte (Fort) Recabarren.

In 2010, Temuco was affected by the earthquake on February 27 centered 400 km (250 mi) to the north.It was one of the most affected regions of Chile besides Santiago,Concepcion,Valparaiso and others.The earthquake registered 8.8 Mw on the moment magnitude scale. Though landlocked Temuco avoided the tsunamis the earthquake caused, many very strong aftershocks throughout the country followed,including a 7.1 MW earthquake 70 km (43 mi) northwest of the city.Temuco continues to rebuild from the disaster,and the alpine region hopes to be awarded the 2022 Winter Olympics,though the host city is Santiago or the alternative site,Chillan,with plans for an Olympic ceremony stadium under way.

The city is surrounded by an environment typical to central-southern Chile, consisting mostly of plantations of coniferous forests in the midst of a central prairie of moraines and cones next to the foothills of the Andes. The zone produces many crops and fruits, and has an abundance of forests, particularly alerce, roble and lingue. Despite all this, air quality has deteriorated because burning wood is the primary source of heat for most of the city. Air pollution is generally kept under control by the frequent rain in winter.

How to Reach

By Air

Maquehue Airport is commercial air terminal for Temuco located to the South of the city.Because its low capacity, the Chilean Airport Direction is projecting a new and bigger airport for Temuco.It would be located near Freire, about 20 minutes southern from Temuco.At the time there is a controversy because it would be located in Mapuche areas.

By Bus

Buses and collective taxis are the most popular massive transport.The bus fare is $120 for students and $350 for adults the colectivos charge $400 ($500 at night).Regular taxis are also available.Drivers often disregard marked traffic lanes and many buses and collective taxis will stop virtually anywhere to take on or discharge passengers.

Key places to visit
Alemania Avenue, Cerro Nielol, Main Square, Campanario Tower, Cautin River, Anibal Pinto Square


Places to Visit

Alemania Avenue

Is the principal artery in Temuco. Here we can find The Araucaria Museum building (19th century Chilean style); the Menchaca Lira Campus of Art Building (a Victorian Style building, recently restored); The English Alley, where we can find the Red Cross Building and not long ago an blue house which was dismantled to be rebuilt elsewhere (as a Heritage recovery project by the school of architecture of a known University of Temuco), both Neoclassical styled.

Cerro Nielol

The Nielol Hill represents the original forest of the whole southern Chile area as it was before the Spanish people colonize it.It has also a special meaning for the Mapuche population.We can also find a restaurant at the top and a viewpoint of the east side of the city and Padre Las Casas,across the river.It is a "must" for visitors.The Southern Andean Volcano Observatory has its office there.

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