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Tbilisi

Country
Georgia
State
Georgia (General)
City
Tbilisi
Type of Location
Multiple
About Location

Tbilisi is the capital city of the country of Georgia.Tbilisi lies in the centre of eastern Georgia, in the foothills of the Trialeti mountain range. According to Georgian legends, it was founded in the 5th century by King Vakhtang Gorgasali who, while hunting, shot a pheasant which fell into a warm spring and was either boiled or healed. Either way, the king was inspired to found a city on the site, and the name of the city derives from the Georgian word tbili meaning "warm". Although the city has been destroyed and rebuilt some 29 times, the layout of the Old Town is largely intact with narrow alleys and big crooked houses built around courtyards.
 



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How to Reach

By plane

Tbilisi International Airport (IATA: TBS) (ICAO: UGTB),is 17km southeast of the city centre. A new, modern terminal was inaugurated on February 7, 2007. George W. Bush Avenue leads from the airport to downtown Tbilisi.
The following airlines operate service to/from Tbilisi:
Aerosvit Airlines (Kiev-Boryspil, Odessa), airBaltic (Riga), Arkia Israel Airlines (Tel Aviv), Austrian Airlines (Vienna), Azerbaijan Airlines (Baku), Belavia (Minsk), bmi (London-Heathrow), Czech Airlines (Prague), Donbassaero (Donetsk), Dniproavia (Dnepropetrovsk), Euroline (Almaty, Donetsk, Dubai, Kharkiv, Odessa, Vilnius) Georgian Airways (Amsterdam, Athens, Dubai, Kiev-Boryspil, Minsk, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Tel Aviv, Vienna), LOT Polish Airlines (Warsaw), Lufthansa (Munich), Pegasus Airlines (Istanbul-Sabiha Gokcen), SCAT (Aktau), Sky Georgia (Batumi, Antalya), TAM Air (Donetsk, Kharkiv), Turkish Airlines (Istanbul-Atatürk), and Ukraine International Airlines (Kiev-Boryspil)

By boat

Tbilisi is located inland and does not have ferry connections. You may be able to catch a ferry from the Ukraine to Batumi, six hours away.

By train

Domestic trains run between Tbilisi and Batumi, Gori, Kutaisi, Samtskhe Javakheti, Marneuli, Poti, and Zugdidi. International Trains run regularly between Tbilisi and Yerevan or Baku.
The train from Baku to Tbilisi is not very nice and is pretty hot. The train will have to wait for a pretty long time at the border crossing, and you will have to pay fee for everything that you bring, mostly if it is for sale or in big quantities.

By bus

Luks Karadeniz oeprates a daily bus from Turkey, costing 70 YTL. Bus services from Russia have been suspended.
Regular buses or marshrutkas run between Tbilisi and Batumi or Kazbegi as well as Azerbaijan and locations in Armenia.

Key places to visit
G. Chitaia Ethnographical Open-Air Museum, Numismatic Museum, Janashia Museum, Tiflis Avenue, Vake, Sameba Cathedral/Holy Trinity Cathedral Church


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Places to Visit

G. Chitaia Ethnographical Open-Air Museum

Tortoise’s pond lane. Every day, except Monday 11:00AM-4:00 pm. 70 houses and thrift buildings characteristic for the various parts of Georgia. 8000 household devices and samples of craft are exposed in the museum Adults: 3 GEL; Students: 1.5 GEL; Guided tour: 10 GEL.

Numismatic Museum

Coins dating back to the IV century BC, Kolkhian Tetries, antique coins, Arabian Dirham, coins of then Georgian kings Lasha-Girgi, Rusudan, Demetre I, Giorgi III, also the Turkish coins , Persian Abaz, Austrian and Polish Thalers

Janashia Museum

This museum houses hundreds of thousands of Georgian and Caucasian artifacts of archeology and ethnography. A permanent exposition chronologically follows the development of Georgia’s material culture from the Bronze Age to the early 20th century. The most valuable exhibits include Homo Ergaster fossils discovered at Dmanisi; the Akhalgori hoard of the 5th century BC which contains unique examples of jewelry, blending Achaemenid and local inspirations; a collection of approximately 80,000 coins, chiefly of Georgian minting; medieval icons and goldsmith pieces brought here from various archeological sites in Georgia; a lapidary which includes one of the world’s richest collection of Urartian inscriptions, etc. Adults: 3 GEL; Students: 1.5 GEL; Guided tour: 10 GEL

Tiflis Avenue

Tiflis Avenue is an art center and a gallery that represents a variety of Georgian artists working in different media. The gallery is located in an old town, on King Erekle II Street, where exhibitions of art are held regularly. Tiflis Avenue also runs an online art store with the largest selection of contemporary Georgian art. Gallery open Tuesday-Sunday 12noon-9pm. Entrance free.

Vake

Located around Chavchavadze and Abashidze avenues, this is one of Tbilisi's posher districts, home to many expats and nouveaux riches. While not quite as atmospheric as Old Tbilisi, Vake is home to some lovely parks, pleasant nineteenth-century architecture, and some of the city's most high-end shopping, including luxe furniture store Missioni.

Sameba Cathedral/Holy Trinity Cathedral Church

Constructed in 2002, the largest church in Georgia and one of the most grandiose orthodox churches. 101 meters high.

Right Time to Visit

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Temperature

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