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Stavanger is a city and municipality in the county of Rogaland, Norway.Stavanger municipality has a population of 121,610.There are 189,828 people living in the Stavanger conurbation, making Stavanger the fourth largest city, but the third largest urban area, in Norway.Stavanger is the centre of the Stavanger metropolitan area, which has a population of 297,569, and the administrative centre of Rogaland county.The city is commonly referred to as the Petroleum Capital of Norway.Despite its age, dating back at least to the Viking Age, Stavanger only grew to its position among the most important Norwegian cities in the second half of the 20th century, after oil was discovered in the North Sea.Today, the city is marked by noticeable foreign influences as a result of the presence of several major international oil companies.Stavanger also houses the NATO Joint Warfare Center.

Norway's oldest cathedral, Stavanger domkirke, is situated in the city centre, right next to Breiavatnet lake. The two most popular recreational areas are situated around lakes, namely Mosvatnet and Stokkavatnet.The first traces of settlement in the Stavanger region come from the days when the ice retreated after the last ice age ca. 10,000 years ago.A number of historians have argued convincingly that North-Jæren was an economic and military centre as far back as the 9th-10th century with the consolidation of the nation at the Battle of Hafrsfjord around 872. Stavanger grew into a centre of church administration and an important south-west coast market town around 1100–1300.

The Old Norse form of the name was Stafangr.The origin of the name has been discussed for decades, and the most used interpretation is that it originally was the name of the inlet now called Vagen which was the original of the city on the east shore of the bay.The first element of the name is stafr meaning 'staff, branch'.This could refer to the form of the inlet, but also to the form of the mountain Valberget Staven meaning the staff is a common name of high and steep mountains in Norway.The last element is angr meaning 'inlet, bay'.Facing the North Sea, Stavanger has always been economically dependent on its access to the sea.

The city is located on a peninsula on the southwest coast of Norway.The climate is maritime mild temperate (marine west coast - cfb) and rather windy, with all monthly temperature averages above freezing, and precipitation 1180 mm/year.Summers are pleasant and lowland areas in and around Stavanger have the longest growing season in Norway.


How to Reach

By Air

Stavanger Airport, Sola (IATA: SVG, ICAO: ENZV) (Norwegian: Stavanger lufthavn, Sola) is an international airport located in Sola, Norway, 6 NM (11 km; 6.9 mi) southwest of Stavanger.It is Norway's third-busiest airport, with both fixed-wing aircraft and helicopter traffic for the offshore North Sea oil installations.In addition, the Royal Norwegian Air Force operates Westland Sea King search and rescue helicopters from the Sola Air Station.The airport had 82,118 air movements and 3,552,579 passengers in 2008.Five airlines offer domestic flights to nine destinations while eleven airlines offer international flights to 37 destinations.Two helicopter companies operate out of Sola.Most of the air traffic comes from the route to Oslo, which has about 25 daily flights with Boeing 737 aircraft.In the vicinity of the airport there is an aeronautical museum, Flyhistorisk Museum, Sola.

By Train

The Sorland Line (Norwegian: Sørlandsbanen) is a railway line between Drammen (though this is connected to Oslo by means of the Drammen Line) via Kristiansand to Stavanger.The line is 545 km long between Oslo and Stavanger.Access to Stavanger is provided through the Sorlandsbanen railway, and the road E39 from Kristiansand and E39 north on the west coast.

By Ferries

There is a port serving ferries to Hirtshals, Denmark.There have been advocates for the Smyril Line ferry between the Faroe Islands and Denmark to make a stop in Stavanger as the new port in Risavika allows this to be done while only adding one hour to the total sailing time.Local ferries go to Tau and Kvitsoy,while fast passenger boats go to many villages and islands between the main routes from Stavanger to Haugesund and Sauda.Flaggruten operates catamaran passenger services to Bergen with multiple stops along the way, among others Haugesund.

By Bus

The local bus service in Stavanger is administered by Rogaland Kollektivtrafikk (RKT) under the brand name "Kolumbus".The buses are operated by Veolia.RKT administers all bus routes in Rogaland County.The recently upgraded Jaerbanen between Stavanger and Sandnes will be serviced by trains running at a frequency of 4 departures per hour from the 13th of December.

Key places to visit
Gamle Stavanger, Stavanger Cathedral, Stavanger Cathedral, Stavanger Museum, Norwegian Petroleum Museum


Places to Visit

Gamle Stavanger

Is an area of the city of Stavanger in the county of Rogaland, Norway, and is believed to be Europe’s largest collection of wooden buildings.The area includes the Norwegian Canning museum which displays a typical factory from the 1920's.The area selected for conservation was the one considered the least desirable, consisting of small rundown wooden buildings located on the western side of Vagen.This area has what is considered North Europe’s best kept wood houses, from both the 19th and 20th century. Some of the houses are owned by the municipality, but most are privately owned.Over the years the area has changed from seedy to trendy, and today is considered a choice location for the urban-minded with a sense of history.

Stavanger Cathedral

Is Norway's oldest cathedral.It is situated in the middle of Stavanger, and is the seat of the Diocese of Stavanger.Stavanger was ravaged by fire in 1272, and the Cathedral suffered heavy damage.It was rebuilt under bishop Arne, and the Romanesque Cathedral was enlarged in the Gothic style.During a renovation in the 1860s, the Cathedral's exterior and interior was considerably altered. The stone walls were plastered, and the Cathedral lost much of its medieval looks.A major restoration led by Gerhard Fischer in 1939-1964 partly reversed those changes.The latest major restoration of the Cathedral was conducted in 1999.Andrew Lawrenceson Smith is famous for his works here.

Stavanger Museum

Is a museum of natural and cultural history established in 1877, located in the Norwegian city Stavanger.The museum's collections consist of several departments: the department of zoology, the department for cultural history (which also includes custodianship of the royal residence Ledaal).Departments include the Stavanger Museum of Natural History, Stavanger Maritime Museum, Norwegian Children's Museum, Norwegian Printing Museum, Stavanger School Museum, Stavanger Art Museum, and Norwegian Canning Museum.

Norwegian Petroleum Museum

Is a Museum opened on 20 May 1999.In Norwegian language the museum is called Norsk Oljemuseum.The unusual architecture has made the museum a landmark in the Port of Stavanger. Seen from the sea the museum looks like a small oil platform.The museum focuses on offshore petroleum activity especially in the North Sea.

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