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Prague

Country
Czech Republic
State
Prague Independent City
City
Prague City
Type of Location
Multiple
About Location

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Places to Visit
How to Reach

By Air

Prague is served by Prague Ruzyne Airport, the biggest airport in the Czech Republic and one of the busiest in Central and Eastern Europe. It is the hub of the flag carrier, Czech Airlines,as well as of the low-cost airlines Smart Wings and Wizzair operating throughout Europe. Other airports in Prague include the city's original airport at the Kbely north-east district, which is serviced by the Czech Air Force, internationally too: The runway (9–27) at Kbely is 2 km long. The airport also houses the Prague Aviation Museum. Close to town the Letňany airport is mainly used for private aviation and aeroclub aviation. Another airport in the proximity is Aero Vodochody aircraft factory's on the north, used for testing purposes,as well as for aeroclub aviation.There are a few aeroclubs around Prague, such as the Tocna airfield.

By Train

The city forms the hub of the Czech railway system, with services to all parts of the Czech Republic and abroad. The railway system links Prague with major European cities, including Dresden, Germany; Berlin, Germany; Warsaw, Poland; and Bratislava,Slovakia (all of which can be reached without transfers).Travel times range between 2.5 hours to Dresden and approximately 12 hours to Warsaw.Prague's main international railway station is Hlavni nadrazi(formerly called Wilsonovo nadrazi).Rail services are also available from the main stations Praha-Smíchov and Praha-Holesovice, in addition to selected suburban stations.

By Road

The longest city tunnel in Europe with a proposed length of 5.5 kilometres (3.4 mi) and five interchanges is now being built to relieve congestion in the north-western part of Prague. Called Tunel Blanka and to be part of the Municipal Ring Road, it is estimated that it will now cost after several increases 38 billion CZK.Construction started in 2007 and the tunnel is scheduled to be completed in 2013/2014.There is also an ongoing project to create a ring road leading around the outskirts of the city. The southern part of this road (with a length of more than 20 kilometres / 12 miles) was opened on 22 September 2010.

Key places to visit
Prague Castle, Old Town, Astronomical Clock, Old New Synagogue, Vysehrad Castle, National Museum, Pisek Gate, Dancing House


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Places to Visit

Prague Castle

is a castle in Prague where the Kings of Bohemia, Holy Roman Emperors and presidents of Czechoslovakia and the Czech Republic have had their offices. The Bohemian Crown Jewels are kept here. Prague Castle is the biggest castle in the world (according to Guinness Book of Records the biggest ancient castle) at about 570 metres in length and an average of about 130 metres wide.

The castle buildings represent virtually every architectural style of the last millennium. The Prague Castle includes Gothic St Vitus Cathedral, Romanesque Basilica of St. George, a monastery and several palaces, gardens and defense towers. Most of the castle areas are open to tourists. Nowadays, the castle houses several museums, including the National Gallery collection of Bohemian baroque and mannerism art, exhibition dedicated to Czech history, Toy Museum and the picture gallery of Prague Castle, based on the collection of Rudolph II. The Summer Shakespeare Festival regularly takes place in the courtyard of Burgrave Palace.

Old Town

Old Town is the original place of settlement of Prague, Czech Republic. It was separated from the outside by a semi-circular moat and wall, connected to the Vltava at both of its ends.The moat is now covered up by the streets (from north to south-west) Revolucni, na Prikope, and Narodni which remain the official boundary of the cadastral district of Old Town. It is now in Praha 1.After the city was expanded in the 14th century by Charles IV with the founding of the New Town, the moat and wall were therefore dismantled soon after.Notable places in the Old Town include the Old New Synagogue, Old Town Square and Astronomical Clock. Across the river Vltava is the Lesser Quarter, called Mala Strana in Czech.These two parts of the town are connected by Charles Bridge. Josefov is located in the northwest corner of Old Town heading towards the Vltava.

Astronomical Clock

is a medieval astronomical clock located in Prague, the capital of the Czech Republic.The clock was first installed in 1410, making it the third-oldest astronomical clock in the world and the only one still working.The Orloj is mounted on the southern wall of Old Town City Hall in the Old Town Square. The clock mechanism itself is composed of three main components: the astronomical dial, representing the position of the Sun and Moon in the sky and displaying various astronomical details; "The Walk of the Apostles", a clockwork hourly show of figures of the Apostles and other moving sculptures notably a figure of Death (represented by a skeleton) striking the time; and a calendar dial with medallions representing the months.

Old New Synagogue

situated in Josefov, Prague, is Europe's oldest active synagogue.It is also the oldest surviving medieval synagogue of twin nave design.Completed in 1270 in gothic style, it was one of Prague's first gothic buildings.A still older Prague synagogue, known as the Old Synagogue, was demolished in 1867 and replaced by the Spanish Synagogue.The synagogue was originally called the New or Great Synagogue and later, when newer synagogues were built in the 16th century, it became known as the Old-New Synagogue.

Vysehrad Castle

is a castle located in the city of Prague, Czech Republic. It was probably built in the 10th century, on a hill over the Vltava River.Situated within the castle is the Basilica of St Peter and St Paul, as well as the Vysehrad Cemetery,containing the remains of many famous people from the Czech history, among them Antonín Dvořák, Bedřich Smetana,Karel Capek, and Alphonse Mucha.Local legend holds that Vysehrad was the location of the first settlement which would later become Prague, though thus far this claim remains unsubstantiated.

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