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Odessa

Country
Ukraine
State
Odessa
City
Odessa
Type of Location
Multiple
About Location

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Places to Visit
How to Reach

By Air

Odessa International Airport is served by major airline carriers, including Aerosvit, Ukraine International, Austrian Airlines, Czech Airlines, Malév Hungarian Airlines, El Al, LOT Polish Airlines and Turkish Airlines. These and other airlines provide flights to numerous locations in Europe and Asia.

By Train

Passenger trains connect Odessa with Warsaw, Prague, Bratislava, Vienna, Berlin, Moscow, St.-Petersburg, the cities of Ukraine and many other cities of the former USSR. Intercity bus services are available from Odessa to many cities in Russia (Moscow, Rostov-on-Don, Krasnodar, Pyatigorsk), Germany (Berlin, Hamburg and Munich), Greece (Thessaloniki and Athens), Bulgaria (Varna and Sofia) and several cities of Ukraine and Europe.

By Trolley Bus

Electric tramway started to operate on 22 August 1907.Trams were imported from Germany.The city public transit in Odessa is currently represented by trams (streetcars), trolleybuses, buses and fixed-route taxis (marshrutkas).Odessa also has a cable car, cable-way, and recreational ferry service.

Key places to visit
Potemkin Steps, Vorontsov’s Palace, Odessa Opera & Ballet Theater, Museum of Western and Eastern Art, Alexander Pushkin’s Museum, Odessa catacombs, Port of Odessa, Chornomorets Stadium


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Places to Visit

Potemkin Steps

Odessa’s most iconic symbol, the Potemkin Steps (Primorsky Stairs) is a vast staircase that conjures an illusion so that those at the top only see a series of large steps, while at the bottom all steps appear to merge into one pyramid-shaped mass. The original 200 steps (now reduced to 192) were designed by Italian architect Francesco Boffo and built between 1837 and 1841. The Stairs are best remembered for a starring role in Sergei Eisenstein’s The Battleship Potemkin, a fictional account of the city’s 1905 Tsarist massacre.

Vorontsov’s Palace

Another supreme work-of-art from Italian architect Francesco Boffo, this 19th Century palace and colonnade was built for supreme Odessa governor Prince Mikhail Semyonovich Vorontsov.

Odessa Opera & Ballet Theater

A grand Renaissance-era theater finished in 1887 which still hosts a range of performances. The theater is regarded as one of the world’s finest.

Museum of Western and Eastern Art

Odessa's most important museum with large European collections from the 16-20th centuries together with art from the Orient. There are paintings from Mignard, Hals, Teniers and Del Piombo.

Alexander Pushkin’s Museum

The museum details how Pushkin was exiled for a short period to Odessa and spent a very creative period in the city. The poet also has a city street named after him together with a statue.

Odessa catacombs

Most of the city's 19th century houses were built of limestone mined nearby. Abandoned mines were later used and broadened by local smugglers.This created a gigantic complicated labyrinth of underground tunnels beneath Odessa,known as "catacombs". During World War II, the catacombs served as a hiding place for partisans.They are a now a great attraction for extreme tourists. Such tours, however,are not officially sanctioned and are dangerous because the layout of the catacombs has not been fully mapped and the tunnels themselves are unsafe.The tunnels are a primary reason why no subway system was ever built in Odessa.

Port of Odessa

One of the biggest in the Black Sea,Odessa’s busy port is a great place to get a lungful of sea air and see some impressive ships.

Right Time to Visit

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