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Obuda

Country
Hungary
State
Budapest
City
Obuda
Type of Location
Multiple
About Location

Until its union with Buda and Pest in 1872, Óbuda was a somewhat sleepy little town, and in spite of considerable rebuilding and modernization it has still managed to retain something of its former atmosphere. This old settlement, where evidence of prehistoric culture has been discovered and where shortly after the birth of Christ the Romans founded their camp of Aquincum, was according to tradition the residence of the Hunnish king Attila in the 5th C.

Under the Árpáds the place experienced enormous prosperity. In the Middle Ages there was a palace of the Hungarian queens here; in the days of the Turkish occupation the little Danube town fell into complete decay, as a result of the increasing importance of the neighboring royal city of Buda. Not until the 17th C was life restored to the town by German-speaking settlers.



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How to Reach

By Air

Hungary's international airport is Budapest Ferihegy Airport, Budapest Airport’s has more than 100 scheduled destination managed by a total of 52 airlines.

By Train

The largest transport service provider in Hungary is the Hungarian State Railways Shareholding Company (MÁV). The Hungarian State Railway Company (MÁV Rt.) runs express trains to the main cities of Europe. Train tickets can be bought at the railway stations and railway ticket offices in Budapest and the countryside.  

By Bus

Volánbusz operates international coaches. Transfers are available from Austria, Belgium, Chec Republic, Croatia, Danmark, France, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, Netherlands, Serbia and Montenegro, Slovakia, Sweden, Switzerland.

Key places to visit
Florian Square, Zichy Castle, Villa of Hercules, Roman Military Town, Aquincum


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Places to Visit

Aquincum

The remains of the Roman town of Aquincum, founded in the 1st C AD on the west bank of the Danube - now on Szentendrei utca - have been systematically excavated since the 1870s. A considerable part of the former "municipium" is now accessible as an open-air museum.

About the year 10 BC the Romans occupied the territory of their later province of Pannonia. A few years after the birth of Christ they built within the boundaries of Óbuda a military camp (see above), around which a civil town soon grew. The flourishing settlement of Aquincum became, as early as the beginning of the 2nd C., the principal town of the province of Pannonia Inferior. The Emperor Septimus Severus raised it to the status of a "colonia" in AD 194

After the defeat of the Pannonian legions at Hadrianopolis in the year 378 Aquincum declined, and this decline was accelerated by increasing and violent attacks by the Barbarians.

Roman Military Town

In 1950 the remains of the Roman military camp belonging to the Roman town of Aquincum were discovered to the south of Flórian tér. As well as remains of buildings dating from the 2nd to the 4th C tools, various vessels and sarcophagi were also found. Also of interest are the remains of an under floor hot-air heating system.

Villa of Hercules

In the 1950s and 1960s the ruins of a magnificent Roman villa (probably dating from the 3rd C AD) were excavated. The mosaics discovered here, which are among the finest ever found in Hungary, depict scenes from the Hercules myth and the Dionysus saga. The sarcophagi exhibited in the garden of the archaeological museum were probably made in the 3rd and 4th centuries.

 Zichy Castle

Commissioned in the middle of the 18th C by Count Nicholas Zichy, this Baroque castle has undergone lengthy restoration. It houses a local museum and mementos of Lajos Kassák (1887-1967), the versatile representative of the Hungarian avant-garde. Works by Viktor Vasarely are also on display. From time to time excellent concerts are held here.

Florian Square

Flórián tér (Florian Square) is an important traffic junction. On its north side can be seen ruins of the baths of the Roman legion; the actual hot baths themselves are well-preserved. A small museum provides information about the baths and medicine in Roman times.

At the south edge of the square are the remains of the medieval Queens' Palace and the Reformed Church of Óbuda, which was built in the 18th C.

Right Time to Visit

May - October

Temperature

July - August -> 26(°C) - Summer
January - February -> 0(°C) - Spring


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