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Nizhny Novgorod

Country
Russian Federation
State
Russia (General)
City
Nizhny Novgorod
Type of Location
Multiple
About Location

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Places to Visit
How to Reach

By train

Trains are probably the best and the most convenient way to get to Nizhny Novgorod. Most of the Trans-Siberian trains (including the legendary train No.1 between Moscow and Vladivostok and the train from Moscow to Beijing) pass via Nizhny Novgorod.

Note: In train timetables the old name of the city, "Gorky(Горький)", is still used as the destination name instead of Nizhny Novgorod.

By train from Moscow:

The fastest option is to take Sapsan that will carry you for 3h 55m. The other option is Burevestnik express which commutes between Moscow and Nizhny Novgorod twice per day (departure from Moscow's Kursky station at 1400 and at 1655). It will take around 4 and a half hours to get Moskovsky station in Nizhny. There are also comfortable overnight trains departing from Moscow's Kazansky station at 2225 and from Kursky station at 2355. Of course it is possible to use other trains going eastward departing from various Moscow's stations.

By train from Saint Petersburg: the night train "Volga" departs everyday at 1732 and arrives to NN at 0850 next morning.

There are also direct train connections with Kazan, Samara, Kirov, Yaroslavl and other cities of the region (there are mainly night trains). As well as with Vladivostok, Beijing, Ulaanbaatar, Irkutsk, Astrakhan, Simferopol, Novorossiysk and many others.


 By plane

The international airport of Nizhny Novgorod (GOJ) is situated in Strigino district what is about 30-40 minutes by taxi from city centre (if there are no traffic jams). The airport is very small. There are several daily flights to Moscow, also there are connections with Baku (Azerbaijan), Frankfurt (Germany), Kaliningrad, Novosibirsk, Surgut, Vienna (Austria), Yekaterinburg and Yerevan (Armenia). Most of the flights are operated by the Russian airlines, but there are also regular flights by Lufthansa and Austrian Airlines.

You can get to the airport by buses number 11, 20, T-29 or by taxi (normal price from city centre will be around 700 roubles — appr. 30 USD).


 By car

Nizhny Novgorod is situated on M7/E30 road. The road is quite ok and it usually takes about 4 hours to get to Nizhny from Moscow. However the traffic jams in the suburbs of Moscow can make the way longer. The story about speed regimes and the road police will follow soon ...


 By bus

There are regular state-owned daily bus connections with Moscow (from Kanavinskaya bus station in Nizhny to metro Schelkovskaya in Moscow) but the buses are very slow (it can take up to 10 hours with several stops in all the towns along the road) and rather uncomfortable. There are also faster private daily and overnight buses between Kursky railway terminal in Moscow and Moskovsky railway terminal in Nizhny Novgorod.

Also there are buses to Chuvashia, Mari El, and Mordovia (from main bus station near pl. Lyadova).


 By boat

River cruises down the Volga operate during the summer months (early May to end of September). Dozens of boats operated by different companies run from Moscow to Astrakhan and back. One way or return cruises may be reserved to/from practically any city along the Volga.
 

Key places to visit
Square of Minin and Pozharsky, Museums, Monuments, Historical center


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Places to Visit

Square of Minin and Pozharsky, the main square of Nizhny at the south-east side of the Kremlin.

 Statue of Minin and Pozharsky in Moscow Kremlin This famous statue commemorates Prince Dmitry Pozharsky and the butcher Kuzma Minin, the leaders of the militia that repelled the Polish invasion of 1612, at the height of the Time of Troubles. Designed by the architect I. Martos, it was erected in 1818 and became Russia's first monumental sculpture. One of the bas-reliefs shows the people of Novogorod bringing their sons to be armed - Minin famously forced the city to provide funds and fighting men by holding their womenfolk hostage. The other shows the Poles fleeing from the Kremlin, pursued by Russian troops. The pediment is inscribed with the words: "To Citizen Minin and Prince Pozharsky, from a grateful Russia".

The statue once stood in the centre of Red Square, with the figure of Minin pointing towards the Kremlin. However, it was moved in 1930, after the construction of Lenin's mausoleum - rumour has it that Minin's rabble-rousing gesture appeared rather ambiguous in relation to the positioning of the great leader's tomb. In fact, the reason for moving the statue was more simple than that - its location interfered with Stalin's plans for massed military parades.

Museums

    Museum-house of the writer Maxim Gorky.(19, Semashko st)- a big house with several rooms keeping the atmoshpere of the 1900s.

    Museum-flat of Andrey Sakharov, the father of the H-bomb and human rights activist. (214, Prospekt Gagarina). The museum is inside the appartment house.
    Russian museum of photography (9a, Piskunova

    Museum of steam engines - 15 engines constructed before 1950 in various countries, located 200m away from the suburb station "Nizhny Novgorod Sortirovochnaya".

    Nizhegorodsky Ostrog. (Museum of prison). 2 Svobody sq. (пл. Свободы, д.2. Built in 1823-1824 and had amongst its prioners writers and politicians.

    History Museum of GAZ, Russian car-producer. 95, Lenina st. Mo-Fr 08:00-11:30 12:30-16:00.


Monuments

    Monument to Valery Chkalov, a test pilot, known for his ultra long flight from Moscow to Vancouver via the North Pole.

    Maxim Gorky

    Alexander Pushkin (at the entrance to the Theatre of Opera and Ballet)

    Prince George and Saint Simon of Suzdal (inside the Kremlin).

 

Historical center

    The Kremlin is worth a wander around and contains a church, war monument with eternal flame, a reasonable art museum and impressive views along the Volga River.

A kremlin is a major fortified central complex found in historic Russian cities. This word is often used to refer to the best-known one, the Moscow Kremlin, or metonymically to the government that is based there. Outside Russia, the name Kremlin is sometimes mistakenly thought of as being Saint Basil's Cathedral because of its distinctive environment, although this is not a part of the Moscow Kremlin.

The name Kremlin (or Kreml) has been allocated to various Soviet Navy vessels during construction. In each case, the name was changed prior to commissioning. Vessels which have briefly carried this name included Admiral Kuznetsov and Ulyanovsk.

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