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Nagoya is the third-largest incorporated city and the fourth most populous urban area in Japan.Located on the Pacific coast in the Chubu region on central Honshu,it is the capital of Aichi Prefecture and is one of Japan's major ports along with those of Tokyo, Osaka, Kobe, Yokohama, Chiba,and Moji.It is also the center of Japan's third largest metropolitan region, known as the Chukyo Metropolitan Area.As of 2000, Chukyo Metropolitan Area has 8.74 million people, of which 2.17 million live in the city of Nagoya.

Through the following years Nagoya became an industrial hub for the surrounding region.Its economic sphere included the famous pottery towns Tokoname,Tajimi and Seto,as well as Okazaki, one of the only places where gunpowder was produced under the shogunate.Other industries in the area included cotton and complex mechanical dolls called karakuri ningyo.Part of the modernization efforts of the Meiji Restoration saw a restructuring of Japan's provinces into prefectures and the government changed from family rule to that by government officials.Nagoya was proclaimed a city on October 1, 1889 and designated a city on September 1, 1956 by government ordinance.

The city was built on low-level plateaus to ward off water damage.The plain is one of the fertile lands of Japan, which allowed for the development of agriculture.The Kiso River flows to the west along the city border, the Shonai River comes in from the northeast and takes a southern towards the bay at Nishi Ward.The man-made Hori River was constructed as a canal in the 1610 and flows from north to south, and is a part of the Shonai River system.The rivers allowed for trade to develop with the hinterland.The Tenpaku River feeds from a number of smaller river in the east, flows briefly south at Nonami and then west at Odaka into the bay.

Nagoya was home to a Pokemon-based theme park and a robot museum,but both are now closed.Nagoya is also a starting point for short visits in the surrounding area, such as Inuyama, Little World Museum of Man,Meiji Mura,Kasadera Kannon,Toyohashi and Arimatsu.Reachable within a two hour radius by car or train are Gifu,Gujo Hachiman,Gifu,Ise Shrine,Takayama,Gifu,Gero Onsen and the hill stations in the Kiso Valley Magome and Tsumago.

How to Reach

By Air

Nagoya is served by Chubu Centrair International Airport (NGO) built on the artificial island off shore of Tokoname and by Nagoya Airfield (Komaki Airport, NKM) near the city boundary with Komaki and Kasugai. On February 17, 2005, all of Nagoya Airport's commercial international flights moved to Centrair Airport. Nagoya Airfield is now used for general aviation and airbase facility as well as the main J-Air airline hub.

By Train

Nagoya Station the world's largest train station by floor area,is on the Tokaido Shinkansen,Tokaido Main Line,and Chuo Main Line,among others.The Nagoya Railroad and Kintetsu provide regional rail service to points in the Tokai and Kansai regions.The city is also serviced by the Nagoya Subway.

By Bus

As Nagoya is a major city, there are many daytime and overnight buses which run between Nagoya and other locations throughout Japan, which can result in significant savings when compared to shinkansen or local train fares.The JR Bus Group is a major operator of the routes into and out of Nagoya.Seat reservations for most JR Buses can be made in train stations at the same "Midori-no-Madoguchi"ticket windows used to reserve seats on trains.Moreover,the Japan Rail Pass is valid on ALL JR buses operating from the Tokyo area to Nagoya.

Key places to visit
Osu Kannon Temple, Higashiyama Zoo and Botanical Gardens, Toyota Automobile Museum, Boston Museum of Fine Arts, Tokugawa Art Museum, Nagoya TV Tower, Midland Square, Port of Nagoya Public Aquarium


Places to Visit

Osu Kannon Temple

Is a Buddhist temple of the Shingon sect located in Osu in central Nagoya, Japan.It belongs to the Owari Thirty-three Kannon.The current temple is home to a large collection of books.It houses about 15,000 classic Japanese and Chinese works.Among these is the oldest hand-written copy of the famous Kojiki, describing the ancient mythological history of Japan.The library also has many other books designated as national treasures and important cultural properties.A street fair is held on the 18th day of each month.The nearest subway is Osu Kannon Station.

Higashiyama Zoo and Botanical Gardens

Is a zoo with botanical gardens located at 3-70,Higashiyama-motomachi,Chikusa-ku,Nagoya, Japan.It is open every day except Monday.An admission fee is charged.Established in 1937, the Higashiyama Zoo is one of Asia's largest containing attractions such as botanical gardens and an amusement park. Its collection contains more than 125 species of mammals,including bears, elephants,giraffes,koalas,lions and tigers,numerous reptiles and birds and medaka tropical fish that flew on the space shuttle with one of Japan's astronauts.

Toyota Automobile Museum

Is a large museum showcasing Toyota's storied past.It is a large complex located in Nagakute city, a city close to Nagoya, Japan.Unlike the Toyota USA Automobile Museum, however, the museum in Nagoya also features many cars from other manufacturers such as Alfa Romeo and DeLorean Motor Company as well as artwork.

Boston Museum of Fine Arts

It is the sister museum of the Museum of Fine Arts,Boston (the MFA) and was established in partnership with the Foundation for the Arts,Nagoya (FAN) partly to help bring the treasures of the MFA's collection,particularly those of types rarely exhibited in Japan,to the country.The museum formally opened on April 17, 1999.Each year, the MFA, Boston sends two five-month loan exhibitions to the Nagoya museum; longer-term,five year exhibits are also provided.Despite the desire of N/BMFA's curators to display primarily Japanese and Impressionist art, the MFA, Boston has insisted on a more wide-ranging display. A small number of items are, nevertheless, sent regularly for the Nagoya museum's "Japanese corner".

Tokugawa Art Museum

Is a private art museum, located on the former Ozone Shimoyashiki compound in Nagoya,central Japan.Its collection contains more than 12,000 items,including swords,armor,Noh costumes and masks,lacquer furniture,Chinese and Japanese ceramics,calligraphy,and paintings from the Chinese Song and Yuan dynasties (960-1368).Unlike many private museums in Japan,which are based on collections assembled in the modern era by corporations or entrepreneurs, the Tokugawa Art Museum houses the hereditary collection of the Owari branch of the Tokugawa clan,which ruled the Owari Domain in what is now Aichi Prefecture.The museum is operated by the Tokugawa Reimeikai Foundation, which was founded in 1931 by Yoshichika Tokugawa (1886–1976),19th head of the Owari clan,in order to preserve the clan's priceless collection of art objects, furnishings, and heirlooms.

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