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Mogilev

Country
Belarus
State
Mahilyow Voblast
City
Mogilev
Type of Location
Multiple
About Location

Mogilev s a city in eastern Belarus, about 76 km from the border with Russia's Smolensk Oblast and 105 km from the border with Russia's Bryansk Oblast.It has more than 367,788 inhabitants (2007 estimate).It is the centre of Mahilyow voblast and the third largest city in Belarus.The city was founded in 1267.Since 14th century a part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, after the Union of Lublin and creation of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, it was transferred to The Crown as Mohylew or Mogilew.The city flourished as one of the main nodes of the east-west and north-south trading routes.In 1577 king Stefan Batory granted it with city rights. After the First Partition of Poland it came into the hands of Imperial Russia and was the centre of the Mogilev guberniya. In years 1915–1917, during World War I, the Stavka, the headquarters of the Russian Imperial Army functioned in the city and the Tsar, Nicholas II, spent long periods here as Commander-in-Chief.In 1918 occupied by Germany and transferred to the short-lived Belarusian People's Republic.In 1919 captured by the forces of Bolshevist Russia and incorporated into Byelorussian SSR.Up to the Second World War and the Holocaust, like many other cities in Europe, Mogilev had a significant Jewish population: according to Russian census of 1897, out of the total population of 41,100, Jews constituted 21,500 (so around 50% percent).Between 1941 and 1944 the city was under German occupation. During that period, the Jews of Mogilev were ghettoized and systematically liquidated.Since Belarus gaining its independence in 1991 Mahilyow remains one of its principal cities.

Mahilyow is one of the main economical and industrial centres of Belarus.After World War II a huge metallurgy centre with several major steel mills was built.Also, there were several major factories of cranes, cars, tractors and a chemical plant.The city is home to a major inland port at the Dnieper river and a domestic airport.The town's most striking landmark is the late 17th-century town hall. The grand tower of the town hall sustained serious damage during the Great Northern War and the Great Patriotic War. It was eventually demolished in 1957. The town hall was rebuilt in its pre-war form in 2008.Another important landmark of Mahilyow is the six-pillared St. Stanislaw's Cathedral (picture), built in the Baroque style in 1738–52 and distinguished by its energetic murals. The convent of St. Nicholas (picture) preserves its magnificent cathedral from 1668, as well as original iconostasis, belltower, walls, and gates. It is currently under consideration to become a UNESCO World Heritage site.Minor landmarks include the archiepiscopal palace and memorial arch, both dating from the 1780s, and the enormous theatre in the blend of the Neo-Renaissance and Russian Revival styles.At Polykovichi, an urban part of Mahilyow, there is a 350 metre tall guyed TV mast, one of the tallest structures in Belarus.



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How to Reach

By Air

Mogilev Airport (IATA: MVQ, ICAO: UMOO) is an airport that serves Mogilev, Belarus.As in all the capitals of the Oblast Mahiljouissa an airport where you can rent a machine or charter airlines use the internal Gomela-aviaa.Airline tickets are cheap.

By Train

Regular trains arrive and departure from and to Gomel, Minsk, Moscow (Russia), Vilnus (Lithuania) and many small local stations.Railroad transportation is quite reliable with OK service and probably your best choice for travel.

By Bus

Reliable service from anywhere in Belarus.There are highways from Minsk and Moscow (trough Orsha).

Key places to visit
St. Stanislaw's Cathedral, Belavezhskaya Pushcha Park, Pripyatsky National Park, Mogilev regional Art Museum


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Places to Visit

St. Stanislaw's Cathedral

Another important landmark of Mahilyow is the six-pillared St. Stanislaw's Cathedral, built in the Baroque style in 1738–52 and distinguished by its energetic murals.The convent of St. Nicholas preserves its magnificent cathedral from 1668, as well as original iconostasis, belltower, walls, and gates.It is currently under consideration to become a UNESCO World Heritage site.

Belavezhskaya Pushcha Park

Is in the Brest region, 340km to the south-west of Minsk.There are records of reserve work in the locality dating back centuries.UNESCO granted the park World Heritage Site status in 1992, and Biosphere Reserve status in 1993.Belavezhskaya Pushcha park is home to many ancient oak trees dating back more than 500 years, as well as venerable ash, pine and fir trees.There are also significant animal and bird populations here, including the world’s largest population of the rare European bison and the greater spotted eagle.

Pripyatsky National Park

This park lies in the Gomel region in the south of the country, 250km from Minsk.There has been a reserve on the flood plains of the Pripyat River since 1969 and the park today covers more than 85,000 hectares.

Mogilev regional Art Museum

Named after P.V. Maslennikov, founded according to the Law of the Republic of Belarus “On Museums and Museum Funds in the Republic of Belarus”, was opened by the decision of regional executive committee of Mogilev region deputies’ council no 13 of 19.11.1990. According to the Decree of the President of the Republic of Belarus of 22 January 1996, Mogilev Regional Art Museum was named after Pavel Maslennikov. The Museum is housed at the building of architectural monument of the early XXc.Since 1932 the building was used as a seat of regional committee of BSSR communist party; but the treasury existed till the beginning of the Great Patriotic War. Nowadays the Regional Arts Museum named after P. Maslennikov is situated there. When the city was liberated in 1944, the building housed both regional and city committees of BSSR communist party; later on it was used as a publishing house of “Mogilevskaya pravda” newspaper. Since 19.11.1990 it has been occupied by Mogilev Regional Art Museum.

Right Time to Visit

January - July
October - April

Temperature

Information not available


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