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Makassar

Country
Indonesia
State
South Sulawesi
City
Makassar
Type of Location
Multiple
About Location

Makassar is the provincial capital of South Sulawesi, Indonesia, and the largest city on Sulawesi Island.From 1971 to 1999, the city was named Ujung Pandang, after a precolonial fort in the city, and the two names are often used interchangeably.The port city is located on the southwest coast of the island of Sulawesi, facing the Makassar Strait.Its area is 175.77 km2 and has population of around 1.4 million.Beginning in the sixteenth century, Makassar was the dominant trading center of eastern Indonesia, and soon became one of the largest cities in island Southeast Asia.The Makassarese kings maintained a policy of free trade, insisting on the right of any visitor to do business in the city, and rejecting the attempts of the Dutch to establish a monopoly over the city.

The city is southern Sulawesi's primary port, with regular domestic and international shipping connections. It is nationally famous as an important port of call for the pinisi boats, sailing ships which are among the last in use for regular long-distance trade.During the colonial era, the city was famous for being the namesake of Makassar oil, which it exported in great quantity. Makassar ebony is a warm black hue, streaked with tan or brown tones, and highly prized for use in making fine cabinetry and veneers.Nowadays, as the largest city in Sulawesi Island and Eastern Indonesia, the city's economy depends highly on service sectors with approximately 70% from total share. Restaurant and hotel service are the largest contributor (29.14%), followed by transportation and communication (14.86%), trading (14.86), finance (10.58%). Industry follows behind service with 21.34%.

Makassar is also a major fishing center in Sulawesi.One of its major industries is the trepang (sea cucumber) industry.Trepang fishing brought the Makassan people into contact with the Yolŋu people of Northern Australia.Makassar has several famous traditional foods.The most famous is Coto Makassar.It is a stew made from the mixture of nuts and spices with beef parts which include beef brain, tongue and intestine.Konro rib dish is also popular traditional in Makassar.Both Coto Makassar and Konro are usually eaten with Burasa, a glutinous rice with coconut milk and sauted coconut granule.In addition, Makassar is the home of pisang epe, or pressed bananas.These are bananas which are pressed, grilled, and covered with palm sugar sauce and sometimes eaten with Durian. Many street vendors sell pisang epe, especially around the area of Losari beach.

Since 9 September 2009, Makassar was home to the Trans Kalla the biggest indoor theme park in Southeast Asia and third largest in the world.The theme park was created by a joint company between Trans TV and former Vice President Jusuf Kalla's company Kalla Group.Beside the Theme Park, it also has a tourist resort, a marina, a bank office, and a shopping center which will be completed around 2012.The theme park is located in Tanjung Bunga.The local government is planning to build a CPI which includes the Presidential House near the theme park.In July 2010, the first exclusive shopping centre Trans Studio Mall which is just inside the Jusuf Kalla was opened. Some famous brands opening shops in the mall were Hugo Boss, Armani Jeans, Aigner, Mothercare, Mango, Tod's, Miu Miu, and Francesco Biasia.Other brands opened temporary stores to assess the market.This is the first shopping mall to have medium to high range stores and the target market is the people from eastern Indonesia.



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How to Reach

By Air

The city airport is Hasanuddin International Airport which is actually located outside the Makassar city administration area.It is formally located in the regency of Maros.In addition to "becak" and "pete-pete", the city has government-run bus system, and taxis.

By Bus

Makassar has a public transportation system called 'pete-pete'.A pete-pete (known elsewhere in Indonesia as angkot) is a mini-bus that has been modified to carry passengers.The route of Makassar's pete-petes is denoted by the letter on the windshield.Makassar is famous for their "becak" (pedicab) which is smaller than the "becak" in the island of Java.In Makassar, people who drive pedicab are called Daeng.

By Train

A 35-kilometer monorail in the areas of Makassar, Maros, Sungguminasa, and Takalar (Mamminasata) will be realised in 2014 with cost predicted Rp.4 trillion ($468 million).The memorandum of understanding has been signed in July 25, 2011 by Makassar city, Maros Regency and Gowa Regency.

Key places to visit
Fort Rotterdam, Trans Studio Makassar, Losari Beach, Cathedral Church of Ujung Pandang


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Places to Visit

Fort Rotterdam

Fort Rotterdam was a Dutch fort built in Makassar on the island of Sulawesi in Indonesia during the 1670s.It was originally known as Ujung Pandang, named after the screwpine pandanus pal which grew in the region and was used for making mats.The fort became a center of Dutch colonial power in Sulawesi during the Early Modern Period.

Trans Studio Makassar

Is the world's third-largest indoor theme park (as of 2009), located in Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia.The 20,000 m2 wide and 20 meters high indoor theme park.Trans Studio is built on the area of 12.7 hectares with investment up to IDR 1 trillion (approximately USD 104 million).The indoor theme park was inaugurated by the Vice President of Indonesia, Jusuf Kalla, exactly on September 9, 2009 (09-09-09).Trans Studio itself is a part of The Trans Studio World project, which will include Trans Walk and Rodeo Drive, Trans Studio, Trans hotels, and offices of Mega Bank.Under the management of PT. Trans Kalla, the Mega Development Project will provide an integrated development, comprising not only an indoor theme park, but also shopping mall, supermarket, hotel, office area, recreational beach area, and residential area. The whole project is scheduled to be completed sometime in 2010.

Losari Beach

A beachfront just on the side of the road.A very nice sunset view.There's a culinary festival everynight over there.good for local and foreigner Divers, trip from makassar to samalona by small boat 30-45 minutes away.cost around Rp.600,000 - Rp.800,000 (1 boat can carry 2-8 people).

Cathedral Church of Ujung Pandang

Cathedral Church of Ujung Pandang that its official name is Church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus is the oldest church building in the city of Makassar, and in all regions of South and Southeast Sulawesi.The church was founded in 1898 at the beginning of the second stage of the Catholic Church's presence in Makassar.In 1525 the city of Makassar was first visited by three priests and missionaries from Portugal, namely Father Antonio do Reis, Cosmas de Annunciacio, Bernardinode Marvao, and a brother.But only in 1548 Father Vicente Viegas came from Malacca, and was assigned in Makassar.There he served the Portuguese Catholic brother and a few kings and nobles of South Sulawesi, who also had been baptized a Catholic.

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