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Czech Republic
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About Location

Liberec is a city in the Czech Republic.Located on the Lusatian Neisse and surrounded by the Jizera Mountains and Jested-Kozakov Ridge, it is the fifth-largest city in the Czech Republic.Settled by German and Flemish migrants since the 14th century, Liberec was once home to a thriving textile industry and hence nicknamed the "Manchester of Bohemia".For many Czechs, Liberec is mostly associated with the city dominant Jested Tower.Since the end of 19th century the city poses a conurbation with the towns Vratislavice which is its suburb and neighboring Jablonec nad Nisou. Therefore the total area with suburbs covers 150,000 inhabitants.This creates Liberec the third largest city (with suburbs) in Bohemia after Prague and Pilsen.

Liberec was first mentioned in a document from 1348, and from 1622 to 1634 was among the possessions of Albrecht von Wallenstein. After his death it belonged to the Gallas and Clam Gallas families. The cloth-making industry was introduced in 1579.The prosperous local industry was interrupted by the Thirty Years' War and a great plague in the 1680s.The Battle of Reichenberg between Austria and Prussia occurred nearby in 1757 during the Seven Years' War.

Liberec shares the narrow gauge tramway line which connects it to its neighboring city, Jablonec nad Nisou which is 12 km away.There are also two city lines with standard gauge: The first connects Horni Hanychov (not far to the cable car to Jested) and Lidove Sady via Fugnerova.The second connects Dolni Hanychov and Lidove Sady via Fugnerova (only during workdays).There also four historical trams.In the city centre there are two tracks as a memorial, in the past trams were used also on the central place in front of town hall.

In September 1938, after two SdP's unsuccessful attempts of Nazi coup in Czechoslovakia which were suppressed by police and army, finally the Munich Agreement of 1938 changed the city to the capital of the Sudetengau within Nazi Germany.Most of the large city's Jewish and Czech population fled to the rests of Czechoslovakia or were expelled. Precious synagogue was burned down. After the World War II, the liberated town became again a part of Czechoslovakia and nearly all of the city's German population was expelled following through the Benes decrees.The region was then resettled by the Czechs.Until today, the city has an important German minority, consisting of anti-nazi Germans active in struggle against Hitler as well as Germans from Czech-German families and its descendents.Liberec has also a Jewish minority with a newly-build synagogue and Greek minority of Communist refugees settled here after Greek Civil War in 1949.

How to Reach

By train

Rail from Prague to Liberec is quite slow and there's no direct train from Prague.With change in Turnov the trip time is two times longer than by bus four regional expresses a day.The Sachsen-Bohmen-Ticket can be useful.

By bus

Buses depart from Cerny most metro station, the terminus station on the yellow line (B) up to 25 times per day with Student Agency.Dopravni podnik mesta Liberce also operates a bus service from the same station.As of 2009, adult tickets are KC 95 and journey time is 1 hour 5 minutes.

Key places to visit
Dr. Edvard Benes Square, Jested Mountain, Centrum Babylon, Lusatian Mountains, Regional Science Library, North Bohemian museum, Botanical garden, Theatre of F.X. Salda


Places to Visit

Technical University of Liberec

Is a public university in Liberec, Czech Republic.Its roots lie in the Technical College of Mechanical Engineering, which was founded in 1953.The college was promoted to a university and took its current name in 1995.There are currently more than 8,000 students enrolled in six faculties and one institute: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Textile Engineering, Faculty of Education, Faculty of Economics, Faculty of Art and Architecture, Faculty of Mechatronics, Informatics and Interdisciplinary Studies and Institute of Health Studies.

Jested Mountain

Is a well-known dominant of Liberec city with a famous tower on the top.The tower built in 60's has an unique hyperboloid shape, naturally extending the silhouette of the mountain.It serves as a hotel and TV transmitter.By good weather you can overlook most of northern Bohemia as well as part of Germany and Poland from the summit. Take a tram No 3 to Horni Hanychov and then either by hiking one of the trails or by cableway (Kc 60) to the top.

Centrum Babylon

Rebuilt from an former textile factory, the Babylon is one of the largest Czech entertainment complexes.It offers aquapark,lunapark,3D motion simulator,golf simulator,laser game,wellness center an many others.

Lusatian Mountains

Are lower than Jizera mountains but also less touristy and surely worth to visit.Military enthusiasts will be interested in remnants of interwar Czechoslovak fortification system with a lot of deserted concrete bunkers.Good start points are Rynoltice, Lvova and Jablonne v Podjestedi (train stops) or Jitrava (bus stop).

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