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Kezmarok

Country
Slovakia
State
Presovsky
City
Kezmarok
Type of Location
Multiple
About Location

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Places to Visit
How to Reach

Kezmarok lies in the spis and Poprad is the nearest city in the Spis. It has its own airport (the most elevated one in Europe) as well as a railway station. Trains connect Poprad with Bratislava in the west as well as with Kosice (German:Kaschau) in the east.

Key places to visit
Kezmarok Castle, Evangelical Wooden Articular Church, Evangelic Lyceum, Historical part of the town, St. Cross Church


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Places to Visit

Kezmarok Castle

Kezmarok Castle is quite well preserved. It lies in the town centre. Its construction started in 1462 on the Imrich Zápoľský´s command. Originally built in order to protect the city against the enemy, it is surrounded by fortification. Thököly family, who became the owner in 1583, rebuilt the Castle in Renaissance style and constructed an Early Baroque Castle Chapel. The Castle was many times destroyed by fire and reconstructed. The reconstruction during the Romantic period in the twentieth century was the last one. Since 1931 it has been home to the City Museum. According to the legend, a Black Lady who keeps guard over the Caste key still haunts its corridors. Several memorials commemorate the executions of partisans held by the German army during the World War II.
Kezmarok is Doctor Vojtech Alexander’s home town - the founder of the radiology in the Kingdom of Hungary. He owned an X-ray apparatus used for making first X-ray pictures in Slovakia. The apparatus is exhibited in the Kezmarok Castle. Visitors can admire the building from the outside; the interior is also accessible. The Castle shelters a permanent museum exhibition.

Evangelical Wooden Articular Church

The Wooden Articular Church is located next to the Evangelic Lyceum and new Evangelic Church. Originally built without any spikes, it belongs among the only five churches of its kind in Central Europe. Since 2008 it has been inscribed into the UNESCO World Heritage list. Constructed in times when Protestants were persecuted, the Church has acquired the shape of a Greek equilateral cross. The original church constructed in 1688 had probably the floor plan similar to today’s church. It was rebuilt in 1717 when it acquired the today’s look.  Its outside appearance may not catch the passers-by’s interest, you have to enter the door to admire its prettiness. Its beautiful Baroque decoration ranges first among the five preserved wooden churches. A sacristy is the only stony part of the Church..

Evangelic Lyceum

A unique building of Evangelic Lyceum shelters the biggest historical school library in Central Europe. It keeps about 150,000 books. There can be found 53 incunables in its depository (books printed from the invention of typography in 1444 till 1500). The Lyceum houses the biggest collection of print in Slovakia. It makes about 2,600 books only from the sixteenth century. The Lyceum was established in 1531. It distinguished by many outstanding European teachers. Its famous alumni: Pavel Jozef Šafárik, Samo Chalupka, Ján Chalupka, Janko Kráľ, Martin Rázus, Ivan Stodola, Jonáš Záborský or well known Slovak poet Pavol Orzságh Hviezdoslav were a positive proof of a high quality education at the school.

Historical part of the town

Gradually connected Main and Castle squares are considered to be the historical part of the city. It has a triangular shape. Evangelical part with churches and the Lyceum are situated on one side, the Castle lies on the other side.  Church Square with the St. Cross Church is located between the Castle and the Evangelical buildings. A walk around the historical city part will allow you to admire Ridotto and Town Hall. The Town Hall was destroyed by a big fire during the sixteenth century and a new one was constructed in the Renaissance style on the same place. The classical building of Ridotto was constructed in 1818. It houses the town’s library and a cinema. Streets with typical mansion houses are also very interesting.  The house No.55 on the Main Square is home to a permanent exhibition of burgher’s interior design and culture. Historical city centre ends up with the Castle looming over the city.

St. Cross Church

The St. Cross Church was built during the fourteenth century and it belongs among the biggest churches in Slovakia country. This three nave basilica is a Roman Catholic Church. It houses Late Gothic altar originally from the sixteenth century.  A Renaissance bell tower situated next to the Church constructed in 1591 belongs among the most beautiful bell towers in the Spiš Region.

Right Time to Visit

October - April

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