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Kachin

Country
Myanmar
State
Kachin
City
Kachin State
Type of Location
Multiple
About Location

Kachin

Kachin State, located in the extreme north of Myanmar, bordering China to the east and India to the north, comprises 34379 square miles. MOst of the 1.2 million inhabitants live upland, where the Malihka, Ayeyarwaddy, Tanainghka, and Mehka rivers form green valleys.

The majority of the state's 1.4 million inhabitants are Kachins, also known as Jinghpaws, although the state is home to another 13 ethnic groups.

The state 's capital, Myitkyina, is famous for its fruits, including pineapples, watermelons, lychees, and star apples. Khat cho is a type o rice much valued in Myanmar for its fragrance and texture, it is only grown in Kachin State.

Bhamo, to the south of Myitkyina, also houses a flourishing central market, with Lisu, Kachin and Shan tribes people descending daily from the hills.

Near Putao, Myanmar's tallest peak, Hkakabo Razi, measure 5889m high. It was first climbed by a Japanese expedition in 1996, an indication of how undisturbed and pristine the area is around Putao.

The region encompasses three distinct temperate zones and could become a major eco-Tourism destination in coming year.



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How to Reach

Kachin State is served by the following airports:

    * Bhamo Airport
    * Myitkyina Airport
    * Putao Airport

There is a railroad between Myitkyina and Mandalay (through Sagaing).

Kachin state has invaluable natural resources.

Most areas of Kachin state are undeveloped. Many people are still engaged in agriculture.

Under the current regime, the government exploits the country by taking various timber land. Although the government has been extracting the natural resources of the Kachin people, there is little or no development in infrastructure, health care, and other basic necessities of the people.
 

Key places to visit
Mt. Hkakaborazi highest peak in SEA (5882 m), Indawgyi Lake and Shwe Myintzu Pagoda, The source of Ayeyarwaddy River, Puta-O


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Places to Visit

Mt. Hkakaborazi highest peak

Hkakabo Razi is Southeast Asia's highest mountain, located in the northern Burmese state of Kachin. It lies in an outlying subrange of the Greater Himalayan mountain system.The mountain lies on the border tri-point among Myanmar, China, and India.

The peak is enclosed within Hkakabo Razi National Park. The park is entirely mountainous and is characterized by broad-leaved evergreen rain forest, a sub-tropical temperate zone from 2,438 to 2,743 metres (7,999–8,999 ft), then broad-leaved, semi-deciduous forest and finally needle-leaved evergreen, snow forest. Above 3,353 metres (11,001 ft), the highest forest zone is alpine, different not only in kind from the forest, but different in history and origin. Still higher up, around 4,572 metres (15,000 ft), cold, barren, windswept terrain and permanent snow and glaciers dominate. At around 5,334 metres (17,500 ft), there is a large ice cap with several outlet glaciers.



Indawgyi Lake and Shwe Myintzu Pagoda


In the northern Kachin state is the biggest lake of Myanmar called Indawgyi measuring 22 km in length and 11 km in breath. There are over thirty villages around the lake. The villagers earn their living on fishing, farming and looking for jade in the surrounding jade mines. Being inaccessible for long to tourists, Indawgyi is unspoiled and close to the nature.

The lake is beautified by the Shwe-myint-zu Pagoda on the bank with blue hazy mountains, clear sky and swimming water birds. It can be reached by coach from Myitkyina, the capital of Kachin State. Have a boat ride on the aesthetic lake and walk around in the local villages when arrive in Indawgyi will give one a feeling of matchless joyfulness.


The source of Ayeyarwaddy River


The Irrawaddy River or Ayeyarwady River is a river that flows from north to south through Burma (Myanmar). It is the country's largest river and most important commercial waterway. Originating from the confluence of the N'mai and Mali rivers, it flows relatively straight North-South before emptying through the Irrawaddy Delta into the Andaman Sea. Its drainage area of about 255,081 km² covers a large part of Burma. After Rudyard Kipling's poem, it is sometimes referred to as 'The Road to Mandalay'.

As early as the sixth century the river was used for trade and transport. Having developed an extensive network of irrigation canals, the river became important to the British Empire after it had colonized Burma. The river is still as vital today, as a considerable amount of (export) goods and traffic moves by river. Rice is produced in the Irrawaddy Delta, irrigated by water from the river.


Putao


Putao is the northernmost town of Kachin State, Myanmar and is the site of the World War II British Fort Hertz. It is the principal town in Putao Township. It can only be reached by road during summer (for nationals) but is accessible year round by air if there are sufficient tourist groups to justify a plane. The area around Putao is famous for the variety of endemic birds and rare orchids, which grow naturally. Many orchid lovers are especially attracted by the so called "Black Orchid" that can be found in the mountains east and west of Putao. Hkakabo Razi and other snow-capped mountains are visible from Putao. Putao attracts also enthusiasts, hiking to Hkakabo Razi base camp, located close to Tahaundam.
 

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