Member / Vendor Login

Booking.com

Jakarta

Country
Indonesia
State
Jakarta Raya
City
Jakarta
Type of Location
Multiple
About Location

Jakarta is the capital and largest city of Indonesia.Located on the northwest coast of Java, it has an area of 661 square kilometres and a 2010 census count population of 9,580,000.Jakarta is the country's economic, cultural and political centre.It is the most populous city in Indonesia and in Southeast Asia, and is the tenth-largest city in the world.The urban area, Jabodetabek, is the second largest in the world.Jakarta is listed as a global city in the 2008 Globalization and World Cities Study Group and Network (GaWC) research.Established in the fourth century, the city became an important trading port for the Kingdom of Sunda.It was the de facto capital of the Dutch East Indies and continued being the capital city of Indonesia, after its independence in 1945.

The city is the seat of the ASEAN Secretariat. Jakarta is served by the Soekarno-Hatta International Airport, Halim Perdanakusuma International Airport, and Tanjung Priok Harbour; it is connected by several intercity and commuter railways, and served by several bus lines running on reserved busways.Its current name is derived from the word "Jayakarta".The origins of this word lie in the Old Javanese language and ultimately in Sanskrit. "Jayakarta" translates as "victorious deed", "complete act", or "complete victory".Jakarta is nicknamed Big Durian, because the city is seen as the Indonesian equivalent of New York City (the Big Apple).

The area in and around modern Jakarta was part of the fourth century Sundanese kingdom of Tarumanagara, one of the oldest Hindu kingdoms in Indonesia.Following the decline of Tarumanagara, its territories, including the Jakarta area, became part of the Kingdom of Sunda. From 7th to early 13th century port of Sunda is within the sphere of influence of Srivijaya maritime empire. According to the Chinese source, Chu-fan-chi, written circa 1200, Chou Ju-kua reported in the early 13th century Srivijaya still ruled Sumatra, the Malay peninsula, and western Java (Sunda).The source reports the port of Sunda as strategic and thriving, pepper from Sunda being among the best in quality.The people worked in agriculture and their houses were built on wooden piles.The harbour area became known as Sunda Kelapa and by the fourteenth century, it was a major trading port for Sunda kingdom.

The ability of the regional government to respond to the many problems of Jakarta is constrained by extremely limited finances. In 2011, the total budget available to the regional government was around Rp 28.5 trillion (about $US 3.3 billion), equivalent to around $US 300 per citizen.The Jakarta provincial government, like all other provincial governments in Indonesia, relies on transfers from the central government for the bulk of budget income.Local (non-central government) sources of revenue are incomes from various taxes such as vehicle ownership and vehicle transfer fees and so on.In September 1945, the government of Jakarta City was changed from the Japanese Djakarta Toku-Betsu Shi into the Jakarta National Administration.This first government was held by a Mayor until the end of 1960 when the office was changed to that of a Governor.The last mayor of Jakarta was Sudiro, until he was replaced by Dr Sumarno as Governor.In 1974, Based on the Act No. 5 of 1974 relating to the Fundamentals of Regional Government, Jakarta was confirmed as the capital city of Indonesia and one of Indonesia's 26 provinces.



Booking.com

How to Reach

By Air

Soekarno-Hatta International Airport (CGK) is the main airport serving the greater Jakarta area.The airport is named after the first President of Indonesia, Soekarno, and the first vice-president, Mohammad Hatta.The airport is often called Cengkareng by Indonesians.The airport's IATA code, CGK, originates from the name of the Cengkareng locality, a district situated to the northwest of the city.It is Indonesia's busiest airport handling nearly 40 million passengers annually.A second airport, Halim Perdanakusuma International Airport (HLP) serves mostly private and VIP/presidential flights. Other airports in the Jabotabek metropolitan area include Pondok Cabe Airport and an airfield on Pulau Panjang, part of the Thousand Island archipelago.

By Train

Long-distance railways and local tram services were first introduced during the Dutch colonial era. While the trams were replaced with buses in the post-colonial era, long-distance railways continued to connect the city to its neighboring regions as well as cities throughout Java.The surrounding cities of Jakarta are served by KRL Jabotabek, a mass rapid transit system which serves commuters both in and around Jakarta.The major rail stations are Gambir, Jakarta Kota, Jatinegara, Pasar Senen, Manggarai, and Tanah Abang.During rush hours, the number of passengers greatly exceeds the system's capacity, and crowding is common.

By Road

Jakarta suffers from traffic congestion.A 'three in one' rule during peak hour was introduced in 1992, prohibiting fewer than three passengers per car on Jakarta busiest avenues.This rule applies to Jalan MH Thamrin, Jalan Jenderal Sudirman, Jalan Majapahit, Jalan Gajah Mada and Hayam Wuruk, from 7:00 AM to 10:00 AM and from 4:30 PM to 7:00 PM. By Minister Decree the trucks have been disallowed to pass Cawang-Semanggi-Pluit Toll Road between 05:00am to 10:00pm and it ease the congestion of all toll road surrounding it. As an example Cawang-Cikunir Toll Road can be throughed in 49 kilometers per hour compare to 9.25 kilometers per hour before trucks pass limitation.Auto rickshaws, called bajaj, provide local transportation in the back streets of some parts of the city.From the early 1940s to 1991 they were a common form of local transportation in the city.

By Bus

The TransJakarta bus rapid transit service (known as Busway) was developed in the context of development reform (or reformasi) and used Bogota's TransMilenio system as a model.Jakarta's first busway line, from Blok M to Jakarta Kota opened in January 2004 and as of December 31, 2010, ten corridors are in use.The city government planned to open all 15 corridors within a decade making the TransJakarta system one of the fastest deployed bus rapid transit systems in the world. However, new developments in the planned metro system have postponed the remaining five corridors.

Key places to visit
National Monument, Jakarta History Museum, Taman Mini Indonesia Indah, Arjuna Wijaya Statue, Istiqlal Mosque, Merdeka Palace, Jakarta Cathedral, Jakarta International Film Festival


Advertisement



Places to Visit

National Monument

Is a 433 ft tower in the centre of Merdeka Square, Central Jakarta, symbolizing the fight for Indonesia's independence.Construction began in 1961 under the direction of President Sukarno and the monument was opened to the public in 1975.It is topped by a flame covered with gold foil. The monument and the museum is open daily from 08.00 - 15.00 Western Indonesia Time (UTC+7), everyday throughout the week, except for the last Monday of each month, when the monument is closed.Inside the base of the monument there is the Indonesian National History Museum, located three metres below the surface of the monument.It is a large marble-lined room measuring 80 x 80 metres with 48 dioramas along the walls side depicting scenes from the Indonesian history from prehistory until the New Order, plus 3 other dioramas in the center of the room, making a total of 51 dioramas.

Jakarta History Museum

Also known as Fatahillah Museum or Batavia Museum, is located in the Old Town (known as Kota) of Jakarta, Indonesia.The building was built in 1710 as the Stadhuis (city hall) of Batavia.Jakarta History Museum, opened in 1974, displays objects from the prehistory period of the city region, the founding of Jayakarta in 1527, and through the Dutch colonization period from the 16th century until Indonesia’s Independence in 1945.The museum also contains a replica of the Tugu Inscription from the age of Great King Purnawarman, which is the evidence that the center of the Kingdom of Tarumanegara was located around the seaport of Tanjung Priok on the coast of Jakarta.There is also a replica of the 16th century map of the Portuguese Padrao Monument, a historical evidence of the ancient Sunda Kelapa Harbor.

Taman Mini Indonesia Indah

Is a culture-based recreational area located in East Jakarta, Indonesia.It has an area of about 250 acres (1.0 km2).The park is a synopsis of Indonesian culture, with virtually all aspects of daily life in Indonesia's 26 (in 1975) provinces encapsulated in separate pavilions with the collections of Indonesian architecture, clothing, dances and traditions are all depicted impeccably.Apart from that, there is a lake with a miniature of the archipelago in the middle of it, cable cars, museums, a theater called the Theatre of My Homeland (Theater Tanah Airku) and other recreational facilities which make TMII one of the most popular tourist destinations in the city.

Arjuna Wijaya Statue

Gracing the Southwestern corner of the Freedom Square , this is an eye-catching statue.That Should no visitors miss.It depicts Arjuna Wijaya, the charismatic archer of the Five Pandavas Indian legend, with a bow and arrow, riding a Chariot of six galloping horses - a scene taken from Bharata Yuda Supposedly Pls Arjuna Defeated War Karna.The monument holds great significance for the locals, with some Believing That the very figure opens a door to the spiritual world.

Ragunan Zoo

Is a 140-hectare (350-acre) zoo located in Pasar Minggu, South Jakarta, Indonesia.It is home to over 270 species of animals, 171 species of flora, and employs over 450 people.Many of the animals are endangered and threatened from all parts of Indonesia and the rest of the world.There are a total of 3,122 animal specimens including birds.Laid out in a lush tropical setting, such indigenous animals as the komodo dragon, orangutan, tapir, anoa, sumatran tiger, banteng wild ox and various brightly colored birds are given ample room.The zoo is located in South Jakarta and easily accessible through the Jakarta Outer Ring Road and Transjakarta busway network.

Istiqlal Mosque

In Jakarta, Indonesia is the largest mosque in Southeast Asia in terms of capacity to accommodate people and building structure.This national mosque of Indonesia was built to commemorate Indonesian independence, as nation's gratitude for Islam's blessings; the independence of Indonesia.Therefore the national mosque of Indonesia was named "Istiqlal", an Arabic word for "Independence".Some Muslims in Indonesia said Istiqlal's dome and minaret structure was too Arabic in style.They regarded the architecture as being out of harmony with the Islamic culture and architecture in Indonesia. In response, former president Suharto began an initiative to construct more mosques of the Javanese triple-roofed design.

Merdeka Palace

Is a palace in Central Jakarta, Indonesia, used as the official residence of the President of the Republic of Indonesia.The palace is located directly in front of Merdeka Square and The National Monument.The palace previously served as a residence for the Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies during the colonial era. In 1949, the palace was renamed Merdeka Palace, "merdeka" is an Indonesian word for "freedom" or "independence".Merdeka Palace together with Negara Palace, along with a few structures in the complex, such as Wisma Negara (English: State Guesthouse), Sekretariat Negara (English: State Secretariat), and Bina Graha Building make up the Presidential Palace complex; the center of Indonesian executive authority.

Jakarta Cathedral

Is a Roman Catholic Cathedral in Jakarta, Indonesia, which is also the seat of the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Jakarta, currently Archbishop Ignatius Suharyo Hardjoatmodjo.Its official name is Gereja Santa Maria Pelindung Diangkat Ke Surga (from Dutch, De Kerk van Onze Lieve Vrouwe ten Hemelopneming, in English: The Church of Our Lady of Assumption). This current cathedral was consecrated in 1901 and built in the neo-gothic style, a common architectural style to build churches at that time.The Jakarta Cathedral is located in Central Jakarta near Merdeka Square and Merdeka Palace, it is stood right in the front of Istiqlal Mosque.

Jakarta International Film Festival

Is the major film festival of Indonesia held every December in the capital, Jakarta, since 1999.The number of Indonesian films shown at the festival had grown from four in 1999 to around 100 by 2009.Since 2006, JIFFEST has hosted an Indonesian Feature Film Competition with foreign film professionals acting as juries.JIFFEST's script development competition and workshop winners include Wahyu Aditya (2004), World Champion International Young Creative Entrepreneur of the Year (2007); Tumpal Tampubolon (2005), Asian Young Filmmakers Fellow Korea (2008); Salman Aristo (2006), writer of Ayat-Ayat Cinta (2007), Laskar Pelangi (2008), and Garuda Di Dadaku (2009); Yuli Andari Merdekaningtyas (2006), and director of Suster Apung, winner of Eagle Awards Metro TV (2006).The festival is presently on a shaky financial footing and is hoping to continue by switching its funding source from foreign donors to government grants and private donations.

Right Time to Visit

November - June
January - April
September - December

Temperature

Information not available


Advertisement



View Map