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Andhra Pradesh
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HYDERABAD (5th Largest City in India), the capital city of Andhra Pradesh State (3rd Largest State in India). Population of more than 50 Lacs & Agglomerated area 727 sq. kms on the Deccan Plateau.

Location: 17o E 22’ N Latitude & 78 o 27’ Longitude

The History

Ruled by the Qutub Shahis, the city has a history of nearly 400 years. The capital Bhagyanagar was named after a royal beloved Bhagyamati, who later as the wife of Quli Qutub Shah became Hyder Mahal and thus was born Hyderabad.

Hyderabad was founded on the River Musi five miles east of Golconda, the capital of the Qutub Shahi rulers in 1591-92 by Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah.

The Qutb Shahi dynasty founded the Kingdom of Golconda, one of the five kingdoms that emerged after the break up of the Bahamani Kingdom. The Qutb Shahis ruled the Deccan for almost 171 years. All the seven rulers were patrons of learning and were great builders. They contributed to the growth and development of Indo-Persian and Indo-Islamic literature and culture in Hyderabad. During the Qutb Shahi reign Golconda became one of the leading markets in the world of diamonds, pearls, steel for arms and also printed fabric.

The glory of the Golconda kingdom ended in 1687, when Aurangzeb, the last great Mughal ruler, captured Golconda from Abul Hasan Tana Shah, the last king of Golconda. With the conquest of the Deccan and the South, Aurangzeb succeeded in expanding the Mughal Empire to cover the entire sub-continent. However, after his death in 1707, the Empire rapidly declined.

At that time, Mir Quamaruddin, the Governor of the Deccan, who bore the title of Nizam-ul-Mulk Feroze Jung Asif Jah, declared his independence from Mughal rule in 1724. He thus became the first Nizam and the founder of the Asif Jahi dynasty.

In 1769, Nizam Ali Khan Asif Jah II, shifted the capital from Aurangabad (The capital founded by Mughal rulers) to Hyderabad. The seven Nizam’s of the Asif Jahi dynasty ruled the Deccan for nearly 224 years, right up to 1948. During the Asif Jahi period, Persian, Urdu, Telugu and Marathi developed simultaneously. Persian was the official language up to 1893 and then Urdu up to 1948.

When the British and the French spread their hold over the country, the Nizam soon won their friendship without bequeathing his power. The title “Faithfull, Ally of the British Government” was bestowed on Nizam VIL.

The rule of the seven Nizam’s saw the growth of Hyderabad both culturally and economically. Hyderabad, under the Nizam’s, was the largest princely state in India.

Soon after India gained independence, Hyderabad State merged with the Union of India. On November 1, 1956 the map of India was redrawn into linguistic states, and Hyderabad became the capital of Andhra Pradesh.

General Information


The official language of Hyderabad is Telugu but there are various other regional languages spoken by the people of the state of Andhra Pradesh. English is used for official and commercial purposes. Most people on the streets understand and converse in English. The other languages popular here in Hyderabad are Urdu and Hindi.

Time Zone

India has a single time zone. It is 5.5 hours ahead of the GMT, 4.5 hours behind the Australian Eastern Standard time and 11.5 hours ahead of American Eastern Standard Time (winter).


Weather in Hyderabad is very pleasant. Temperature in Hyderabad ranges from 11°C to 42°C.


How to Reach

By Air

Hyderabad is easy accessible by air through The new International Airport, Located at Shamshabad. There are numerous airlines that run regular flights to and from Hyderabad. Shamshabad Airport has two terminals; one for domestic and the other for international flights. These terminals are N.T. Rama Rao Domestic Terminal and Rajiv Gandhi International Terminal, repectively. Hyderabad is connected with all the major cities of the country and the world.

By Rail

When it comes to railways, Hyderabad stands in the forefront with its wide network of rail tracks. The main railway stations are Secunderabad, Hyderabad (Nampally) and Kacheguda. Many trains run to and from Hyderabad on regular basis. You can easily catch any of these trains for reaching Hyderabad from anywhere in India. These stations connect the city with most of the other cities and towns of India.

By Road

Hyderabad is well linked with all the neighboring states like Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Orissa. A well planned system of roadways has been maintained by the Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation (APSRTC). This efficient network connects Hyderabad with almost each and every city and town in as well as outside the state. The major national highways (NH) that can be followed for getting to the city are NH - 4, NH - 5, NH - 7, NH - 9, NH - 16 and NH - 18.

Key places to visit
Charminar, Golconda Fort, Hussain Sagar Lake, Nehru Zoological Park


Places to Visit


The elegant structure of the Charminar in Hyderabad is a vivid example of Cazia style of architecture comprising of granite and lime-mortar. Mohammed Quli Qutub Shah built this Islamic architectural splendor in the year 1591. Charminar is the most famous landmark of the city and most tours to Hyderabad include the Charminar as an absolute essential. It is a must see if you are visiting Hyderabad.

The wonderful monument with its four arches is so proportionately planned that when the fort is opened one could catch a glimpse of the bustling Hyderabad city as these Charminar arches were facing the most active royal ancestral streets. At each corner stands a tall minaret, which measures more than 55 meters long and also have a double balcony. The monument has the signature style of Islamic architecture.

A mosque has been built on the western side on the open roof of the Charminar fort. You need to climb an array of 149 steps to reach the top of the fort. Once there, it is easy to feel the calm of the terrace and see life bustling below. In sharp contrast to the active and energetic life in the ground floor, the peaceful solitude in the upper part of the fort is quite relaxing. You can enjoy the passionate beauty of the Hyderabad city from this elevated height. You can get a bird's eye view of the city of Hyderabad from this elevation, which is quite a spectacular sight.

Golconda Fort

Golconda Fort is a standing testimony to the 500 years of the glorious past of Hyderabad. This imposing structure was constructed in the 16th century by various Qutub Shahi kings. Located at a distance of 11 km to the west of the city, the fort stands perched on a 120 meter high granite hill. In the earlier times, Golconda Fort was renowned for its diamond mines. The colossal fort stands surrounded by the hills, which further add to its mysterious appeal and grandeur.

It is believed Golkunda Fort was erected out of mud by Kakatiya rulers in the 12th century. Later in the 16th century, Qutub Shahi rulers took the initiative to transform the mud structure into a granite wonder. Golconda Fort actually embraces small four forts in it. Elevated to the height of 120 meters, the Fort has a fortification of 10 kilometers. It is accessible through all of its eight 'darwazas' (gates), though Fateh Darwaza (Victory Gate) is the major one.

Golconda Fort still has royal living chambers, halls, temples, mosques, stables etc. Victory Gate is known for its acoustic effects that is a notable feature of the fort. Such articulate style of construction is certainly a commendable job to be done by the architects of those times. The entrance from the Victory Gate has huge iron spikes that were installed to prevent elephants during the wars. Bala Hissar Gate is another gate that is embellished with scrollwork and carvings.

Unfortunately, the spectacular Golconda Fort lost its entire grandeur and gleam when the Mughals attacked and ransacked this wonder. Owing to the tourist influx in Andhra Pradesh, Golconda Fort has been restored with its parks and illumination. Nowadays, a Light and Sound show, narrating its chronicle, allures people to this gigantic fort. Golconda Fort is undoubtedly an architectural wonder that must not be missed on your trip to Andhra Pradesh.

Hussain Sagar Lake

The Hussain Sagar Lake in Hyderabad is an enchanting lake and is the largest man-made Lake in Asia. Hussain Sagar Lake always attracts visitors throughout the year who become mesmerized by its radiant calm blue water. It was built by Ibrahim Qutub Shah in 1562, on the tributary of the River Musi. Hyderabad and Secunderabad are the two cities that are connected to each other by the Hussain Sagar Lake. They are popularly known as twin cities.

The place where the Hussain Sagar Lake is located is called 'Tank Bund'. It is an abridged version of its actual area, and has attained lovely trimmings and environs that augment its appeal to tourists as well as the residents of the twin cities. The Lake doubles up as an important landmark as well as picnic and recreation spot. The Lake is bordered by four major spans of greenery, Indira Park in the east, Sanjeevaiah Park in the north, Lumbini Park in the south and a green belt stretch squeezed in between the Raj Bhavan road and the Necklace Road. Indira Park, named after former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, is the oldest of these four parks and is also a favorite site among the residents of the city.

Nehru Zoological Park

It is spread over 1.2 sq. kms of landscaped gardens and houses about 3000 animals. Apart from the animals, a nocturnal zoo, the pre-historic dinosaur park, a natural history museum, parks, a mini-train and animal rides make the place ideal for a picnic. The nocturnal animals and the reptiles form a particularly interesting part of the whole.
The Nehru Zoological Park which was declared open to the public on 6th October 1963 has bred some notable exotic and indigenous animals and birds like the Indian Rhino, Asiatic Lion, Tiger, Panther, Giraffe and Gaur etc., a number of Deer and Antelopes. in fact, animals bred in the Zoo have been distributed to various Deer parks and also sanctuaries for restoring the depleted animals.

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