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Hansestadt Hamburg

Country
Germany
State
Hansestadt Hamburg
City
Hansestadt Hamburg
Type of Location
Multiple
About Location

Hamburg's official name is the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (German: Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg).It reflects Hamburg's history as a member of the medieval Hanseatic League, as a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire, and also to the fact that Hamburg is a city-state and one of the sixteen States of Germany.

Hamburg is a major transportation hub in Northern Germany and is one of the most affluent cities in Europe. It has become a media and industrial centre, with plants and facilities belonging to Airbus, Blohm + Voss and Aurubis. The radio and television broadcaster Norddeutscher Rundfunk and publishers such as Gruner + Jahr and Spiegel-Verlag are pillars of the important media industry in Hamburg. In total there are more than 120,000 enterprises.

The city is a major tourist destination both for domestic and overseas visitors, receiving about 7.7 million overnight stays in 2008.[4] Hamburg ranked 23rd in the world for livability in 2009,[5] higher in some alternate rankings[5] and in 2010 the city ranked 10th in the world, and 2nd in Germany after Frankfurt as an innovation nexus in the 2thinknow annual Innovation Cities Index.[6]



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How to Reach

By Air

The international airport at Hamburg Fuhlsbüttel, official name "Hamburg Airport" (IATA: HAM, ICAO: EDDH) is the fifth biggest airport in Germany and the oldest airport in Germany, having been established in 1912. It is about 5 miles from the city centre. About 60 airlines provide service to 125 destination airports, including some long distance destinations like New York, Dubai, Toronto and Tehran. Lufthansa is the hub carrier, with the most flights, followed by Air Berlin. Lufthansa operates one of its biggest maintenance facilities at the Hamburg airport.

The second airport in Hamburg is Hamburg-Finkenwerder (IATA: XFW, ICAO: EDHI). It is about 10 km from the city centre and is a nonpublic airport for the Airbus plant. It is the second biggest Airbus plant, after Toulouse, and the third biggest aviation manufacturing plant after Seattle and Toulouse. The Finkenwerder plant houses the final assembly lines for A318, A319, A321 and A380 aircraft.

By Train

Nine mass transit rail lines across the city are the backbone of Hamburg public transportation. The Hamburg S-Bahn (heavy railway system) system comprises six lines and the Hamburg U-Bahn three lines. U-Bahn is short for Untergrundbahn (underground railway). Approximately 41 km (25 mi) of 101 km (63 mi) of the subway is underground; most of the tracks are on embankments, viaducts or at ground level. Older residents still speak of the system as Hochbahn (elevated railway), also because the operating company of the subway is the Hamburger Hochbahn. Another heavy railway system, the AKN railway, connects satellite towns in Schleswig-Holstein to the city. On certain routes, regional trains of Germany's major railway company Deutsche Bahn AG and the regional metronom trains may be used with a HVV public transport ticket, too. Except at the three bigger stations in the center of Hamburg, such as Hamburg central station, Hamburg Dammtor station, or Hamburg-Altona station, the regional trains hardly stop inside the area of the city. The tram network was shut down in 1978.

By Ferries

There are six ferry lines along the river Elbe, operated by the HADAG company. While mainly used by Hamburg citizens and dock workers, they can also be used for sightseeing tours.

By Bus

Gaps in the rail network are filled by more than 600 bus routes, plied by single-deck, two-, three- and four-axle diesel buses. Hamburg has no trams or trolley-buses, but has hydrogen-fueled buses operating pilot services. The buses run frequently during working hours, with some buses on some routes arriving as often as every 2 minutes. In suburban areas and on special weekday night lines the intervals can be 30 minutes or longer.

Key places to visit
Warehouse district, Hagenbecks Tierpark Zoo, Jungfernstieg, Alster, Hamburg harbor, Mönckebergstraße, St. Petri church, Alster park


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Places to Visit

Warehouse district

The century-old Speicherstadt is located in the Free Port between the Deichtorhallen and Baumwall and is the world's oldest warehouse complex. It was built at the beginning the century from red brick, typical of northern Germany, with gabled roofs and small towers, which are nicely reflected in the canals they border. Now the old Speicherstadt is getting lighted at night. Buildings, bridges and canals can be experienced in the dark - the illumination makes the warehouse complex to become an impressing place of dreams and mystery. You definitely should discover this important piece of Hamburg.

Hagenbecks Tierpark Zoo

The Zoo is another town attraction, which can be enjoyed by old and young. The famous Tierpark Hagenbeck is not an ordinary zoo. Apes, camels and other creatures, 2,500 animals belonging to 360 species live at Hagenbeck in open enclosures which are designed to imitate their natural living conditions. There you can ride a pony or a elephant, watching the animals being fed or just lay around or play on the big fields. A western fort and many places to hide and climb on the playground provide safe adventures too.

Jungfernstieg

The history of the name of this place comes from the fact that for very long time it has been a place for shopping and walk and on Sundays many families in the old days went for walk and shoping and brought with them their unmarried daughters "Jungfern". You will find there now many exclusive boutiques and shops while on the other side the Alster the boats are awaiting you on the pier.

Alster

In actual fact Alster is not a lake, but a tributary river to Elbe. A boat trip will allow you to see in the best way the "Speicherstadt", the city of the trade depots. These buildings are used to store coffee, tea; tobacco, spices and many other products. This whole place is a free port, which covers an area of 16 km². The free zone allows traders to swap products without having to declare them at the customs. Hamburg is also the European city with the most bridges. Ten percent of the surface is made up of water.

St. Petri church

The St. Petri church is located in the main shopping area, the Monckebergstrasse. The Sankt Petri church is one of the oldest churches in Hamburg. It was build in the 11th century. It is named after the apostle and martyr Peter, who the Catholic Church believes to be the first Pope. The church tower climbs to a height of 123 meters, and contains 544 steps to the top. There is a small window in the tower where you can have a nice look over the old town of Hamburg.

The St. Petri Church is that was under bombing and fire during the war, when also many other historical buildings were damaged or destroyed. Unlike many other monuments, which have been rebuilt or replaced by modern architecture, it was decided that St. Nikolaikirche is kept in this state as a memorial. Some monuments and memorials around the city remind locals and foreigners of these times of Hamburg history that have a lot of influence to the city’s look today.

Hamburg harbor

The Hamburg harbor is the largest and most important in Germany. It's also one of the worlds leading sea goods shipments. It's famous for being the gateway for the northern, eastern and central European markets and for container traffic. It's also the biggest import harbour for coffee one of the leading transhipment centers for cacao, spices and tea in the world. Landungsbrücken – Hamburg’s Waterway Station: This is the 700 metre-long floating dock at the underground station Landungsbrücken. Here start the touts, the harbour ferries depart and the HADAG steamers go to nearby Finkenwerder, Övelgönne and Blankenese. From time to time come also luxury cruise ships. There are many nice fish restaurants and souvenir shops around. The tower situated on the eastern side shows the time and the water level and the ship’s bell tolls every half an hour. Another harbour attraction is the fish market where every Sunday morning from 5 to 9.30 A.M. (7 A.M. from Nov. 16.th to Mar. 14th) customers come from near and far to bargain with vendors of every type at Hamburg's most traditional, oldest open-air market, dating back to 1703.
What definitely must be seen while on the harbour are the museum ships - Rickmer Rickmers, which is a former East India trading ship, the Cap San Diego - the last of the classic cargo ships and the Lightship, built in the old traditional rivet style.

Right Time to Visit

June - August
December - February

Temperature

June - August -> 22(°C) - Summer
December - February -> 0(°C) - Winter


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