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Great Pyramid of Giza

Country
Egypt
State
Cairo
City
Giza
Type of Location
Monument, Caves
About Location

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Places to Visit
How to Reach

By Metro

Metro Line 2 now runs from Cairo into Giza, although it doesn't go all the way to the Pyramids. Get off at Giza station (not the terminus!). The pyramids are 8 km, 15-20 min trip due southwest on the long Al-Haram avenue that the train crosses over just before stopping at the station. That's effectively a 'right turn' from the line you've just been taking. Any number of minibuses and buses go to the site (known as 'al-haram' in Arabic'); they include the green public 900 and 997 buses.

By Taxi

The Pyramids may be nearer than you think, so it's possible to take a tax to the Pyramids from any part of Cairo. There are essentially two options for this,unmetered & metered:Older black & white taxis - meters are not used, so don't forget to haggle.Taxi drivers will nearly always want to take you to see their "brother's" perfume shop, or their father's carpet warehouse on the way - if you don't want to waste time doing this, and being put on the spot to make a purchase just make it very clear that you only want to see the antiquities.Solid-yellow and solid-white taxis.These are metered and air conditioned. You might save yourself the hassle with the black and white taxis mentioned above, and at almost the same cost, if not less depending on your skill. On the other hand there are stories of drivers of white and yellow cabs fixing the meters, which would hardly be surprising given that it happens all over the world.

By Bus

From central Cairo, the optimum way to get to the Giza Pyramids using public mass transit options is by bus routes 355 or 357 a large white, air-conditioned coach with CTA (Cairo Transport Authority) on the side. Travelling every 20 minutes from the airport and Heliopolis, the bus stops (or doesn't - you may have to flag it down!) at the Abdel Menem Riyad Station in Midan Tahrir, next to the Egyptian Museum, before continuing out to Giza and the Pyramids.Even cheaper and more interesting is taking the ordinary buses 900 or 997, costing 50 piastres, from the big central bus station under the overpasses, close to the museum. There are three lanes, and they leave from one closest to the rundown controllers' booth (as of late July 2010). Be careful when about getting down, most people will be honest and help you, but you may encounter scammers who take you to their camels instead of to the pyramids. For 997, the correct spot is along a long avenue, after you're spotted the Pyramids and the bus has done a U-turn and then turned left get off when you a see a blue sign for the Light and Sound show.

Key places to visit
Great Pyramid of Khufu, Solar Barque Museum, Temple of the Sphinx, Pyramid of Khafre, Pyramid of Menkaure, Nobles Tombs, Queens Pyramids


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Places to Visit

Great Pyramid of Khufu

Great Pyramid of Khufu (Cheops) is the last surviving representative of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, originally 146 m (479 ft) high but now slightly reduced to a still awe-inspiring 137 m (449 ft). Over 2 million blocks of stone were used to construct this edifice, all through manual labour.

Solar Barque Museum

Solar Barque Museum is located immediately alongside the southern face of the Great Pyramid, an exceptionally well-done museum showcasing an excavated and reconstructed "solar boat" buried along with the Pharaoh for use on his daily journey with the sun across the sky.

Temple of the Sphinx

Temple of the Sphinx the colossal, recumbent human-headed lion was conceived of by the ancient Egyptians as the sun god Re-Horakhty - "Horus of the horizon". The Egyptians call it Abu el-Hol, the "Father of Terror", and even the Greek name Sphinx is the less than pleasant "Strangler". 45 meters long, 22 meters wide, and carved from a single giant block of sandstone, the Sphinx is considerably smaller than the Pyramids around it. The missing nose is blamed on target practice by bored troops, commonly blamed variously on British soldiers in World War I or Napoleon's troops in 1798, but 18th-century drawings showing the nose already missing, pointing the finger towards the occupying Turks.

Pyramid of Khafre

Pyramid of Khafre (Chephren) is slightly smaller than the Great Pyramid, though appearing from some angles to appear larger owing to a better position on the desert plateau.

Pyramid of Menkaure

Pyramid of Menkaure (Mycerinus) is the smallest of the Giza Pyramids at 62 m (203 ft) high (originally 66.5 m).

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