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Kosi Anchal
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About Location

Dharan is a major city in eastern Nepal, in the Sunsari District, situated on foothills of Mahabharat Range with southern tip touching the edge of the Terai at an altitude of 1148 ft (349m).It serves as a trading post between the hilly region and the plains of Terai region.It was once the location of recruitment center for Brigade of Gurkhas, opened in 1953.The recruitment center is closed and the campus is now the home of B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences since 1993.Dharan Municipality organised a Golden Jubilee celebration of Dharan from January 28 to 31 January 2011 marking the 50th year of establishment of the municipality.Dharan started as a small trading settlements.Over the last couple of decades, the population of Dharan has increased and diversified to include people from various ethnicities like Limbu, Rai, Gurung, Newar, Brahmins, Chhetris etc.The modern Dharan's foundation was laid in 1902 A.D. by prime minister Chandra Samsher.He established a small village at the foot of Bijayapur hillock and named it Chandranagar (now Purano Bajar).The purpose was to supply timber to East India Company, who in 1890s had expanded its North Eastern territory and was laying railway tracks.The first government official to be appointed in this small village of Chandranagar was Subba Ratna Prasad.A settlement grew steadily over the course of time.This growing settlement was named Juddha Nagar (now Naya Bazaar) after Prime minister Juddha Samsher.It was declared a municipal town in 1960.The British Gorkha Recruit Center was established in 1953 and this increased the flow of people and expansion of the town. Recruits from all over Nepal flocked to join British Gurkha, thereby drastically altering the face of Dharan.There was a surge in population with recruits bringing their families, and others who came to seek employment and exploit business opportunities.As a result, Dharan has emerged as one of the biggest towns in eastern Nepal.It is in true sense a melting pot of different ethnic groups, languages, dialects and religions.

In 1962, Nepal was divided into 14 administrative zones and 75 districts and Dharan was made the zonal headquarters of Kosi Zone.Initially, the town was divided into eleven wards, but in 1980 Banjjhogara Gaon Panchayat at the east (which is now the most developed area of Dharan) and Ghopa Gaon Panchayat at the west were added to Dharan Town Panchayat.This expansion led to the reformation of the wards.Now Dharan is divided into nineteen wards.The name of the city originates from "Dharan", which literally means a place where you saw timber.A typical Dharan is constructed by digging a rectangular plot about 5 to 6 feet deep.This hole is large and deep enough for an adult to comfortably move about.A platform is constructed to cover half the hole. A timber is placed on this platform and two man team, one standing on the platform and the other in the dug out proceed to saw timber with a huge saw blade.This is very labor intensive and dangerous process.There are two cinema halls that screen movies in Nepali, English and Hindi.From the very beginning Dharan has been an arena for games and sports.Many of its players have represented Nepal in international competitions.Till now Dharan is a force to recon with in Football, Martial Arts and Cricket.The biggest and probably the best Golf Course of the country (18 hole s) is in Dharan.A Local Football club organizes Budhasubba Gold Cup football Tournament at Dharan Stadium every year. Municipality help this event as a co-organiser.

How to Reach

By Air

The easiest way to reach Dharan from abroad is to fly in to the airport at Biratnagar and then take a bus or some other means of transport to Dharan.Dharan is about 40 km from Biratnagar.

By Road

It takes 1 hours to reach Dharan from Biratnagar by road.Dharan is connected to Biratnagar by the Koshi Highway- the main highway that runs from Biratnagar to Kimathanka.

By Bus

There is a transport network bus connecting Dharan to all major cities and local towns.The local transport consists of cars, auto-rickshaws and rickshaws.Sharing a ride with other passengers is the most economical mode of transport.

Key places to visit
Makalu Barun National Park, Budha Subba Temple, Koshi River rafting, Dhankuta Tea Gardens, Basantapur


Places to Visit

Makalu Barun National Park

is the eighth national park in the Himalayas of Nepal and was established in 1992 as eastern extension of the Sagarmatha National Park.Covering an area of 1,500 km2 (580 sq mi) in the districts of Solukhumbu and Sankhuwasabha it is the world's only protected area with an elevation gain of more than 8,000 m (26,000 ft) enclosing tropical forest as well as snow-capped peaks.The northern border of the national park coincides with the international border to the Tibet Autonomous Region.Adjacent to the southern and southeastern border is the bufferzone Makalu Barun Conservation Area covering an area of 830 km2 (320 sq mi).Both national park and conservation area are administered by the Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation.An innovative park management approach encourages local people to become actively involved in conserving their rich cultural heritage and protecting forests and natural resources, upon which their lives depend.The park is located in the eastern climatic zone of the Himalayas, where monsoon already starts in June and eases off in late September.During these months about 70% of the annual precipitation of 4,000 mm (160 in) falls.The first monsoon clouds reach the area already in April.Temperatures vary greatly due to the extreme difference in altitude in the entire area.Lower elevations are temperate throughout winter and hot during April and May.

Budha Subba Temple

is a famous religious shrine of the Kirat people of eastern Nepal.It is believed to fulfil wishes and bring good luck.Budha Subba temple is also the tomb of the last Limbu King of Morang, Buddhi Karnaraya Khebang.He was tricked into coming to Bijaypur-Dharan for a negotiation, then killed by the assassins of King Prithvi Narayan Shah of Nepal. Buddhi Karna Khebang's soul is believed to have wandered around the area of his tomb around Bijaypur and was said to be a friendly and helpful spirit.Then local Limbu people started worshipping the soul as an old king (Subha or Hang means King in Limbu language believing it to be bring good luck. Bijaypur-Dharan was the capital city of the Kingdom of Morang and the political and economic centre of the Limbuwan region.

Koshi River rafting

is an adventure sport that challenges one’s ability to row against the current of rivers.This is usually done on whitewater or different degrees of rough water, to thrill and excite the passengers riding on an inflatable rubber raft.It became popular as a sport during the mid 1970s and is now the third most popular adventure sport in Nepal after mountaineering and trekking.The Sun Koshi river (The Golden River) presents the longest river trip in Nepal, traversing 270 km (170 mi) and meandering its way through the picturesque Mahabharata range of mountains.The river rafting trip in the Sun Koshi is listed as one of the world’s top ten classic river journeys.Other rivers where this adventure sport is a popular tourist attraction in Nepal are the Kali Gandaki, the Trisuli, the Bhote Koshi, the Marsyangdi and the Karnali.

Dhankuta Tea Gardens

From Dharan, about 50 Kilometers of what is the most scenic drive in Nepal takes you to a place where your imagination of greenery gardens are revealed.Some say come to Dhankuta, if you want to walk in the clouds.Meet the clouds, village folks and greet the awesome enchanting tea gardens here and learn some on organic tea and tea processing units in Nepal.If you are a tea lover, you will enjoy visiting a privately owned tea garden and factory named Guranse.Also visit Hile, a hill town situated at 1850 meter altitude, which is just 6 Kilometer from Dhankuta for the Hile Bazaar and gracious people.


This hill is located about 90 KM from Dharan, and about 1 KM from Hile.It is the starting point for trekking to Kanchanjunga base camp.Beyond the hill, beautiful forests Rhododendrons (Guranse in Nepali) can be seen.Guranse is the Nepal's national flower.

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