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Constanta

Country
Romania
State
Constanta
City
Constanta
Type of Location
Multiple
About Location

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Places to Visit
How to Reach

By plane

Constanta has an international airport called Mihail Kogalniceanu Intl. Airport which is about 20 km north-west of the city. Ryanair flies to Constanta from Pisa 3 times a week.Starting with April 2011, there will also be flights to Milano 2 times a week. Romanian low cost carrier Blue Air began it's first flight to Brussels in July 2008 with a frequency of 1 flight per week. Romanian carrier Carpatair offers flights to many European destinations from Constanta through Timisoara.

By ship

Constanta is one of the largest commercial port in the Black Sea and the third largest in Europe. There are ships connecting Constanta with Varna and Odessa managed by Navlomar (€45 one-way, €60 return, summer only). There are said to be also routes to Istanbul, Turkey and Greece, but don't count on them.

By train

Constanta's train station has connections with the rest of the country. The Intercity is usually recommended. In the summer there are some modern looking Siemens trains which look nice, but are very uncomfortable even at First class. Be aware that due to the modernization work at the railways, the 225 km distance from Constanta to Bucharest can take more than 5 hours. This will end in july 2011, when the work will be completed.     

By bus

There are daily buses that connect Constanta with the rest of the country. There is a bus to Bucharest leaving every 45 minutes from the Railway Station (also called Autogara) [1] that takes up to 3,5 hours and is less expensive than the train and faster than the trains . There are also several daily buses leaving from Constanta to Istanbul from the Railway Station.

By car

The most popular route is the Bucharest-Constanta A2 highway. The highway currently ends at the city of Cernavoda but it should be completed by 2011. There is a tax of 11 lei (2.5 EUR) to cross the bridge over Danube.

Key places to visit
Ovid's Square, The Roman Mosaics (Edificul Roman cu Mozaic), The Genoese Lighthouse (Farul Genovez), The Casino (Cazinoul), The House with Lions (Casa cu Lei), The Cathedral of Saints Peter and Paul, Constanta, Carol I Mosque in Constanta


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Places to Visit

Ovid's Square

Designed by the sculptor Ettore Ferrari in 1887, the statue dedicated to the Roman poet, Publius Ovidius Naso, gives name to this square. Emperor Augustus exiled Ovid to Tomis in 8 AD.

The Roman Mosaics (Edificul Roman cu Mozaic)

A vast complex on three levels once linked the upper town to the harbor. Today, only about a third of the original edifice remains, including more than 9,150 sq ft (850 m2) of colorful mosaics. Built toward the end of the 4th century AD and developed over the centuries, it was the city's commercial center until the 7th century. Archaeological vestiges point to the existence of workshops, warehouses and shops in the area. Remains of the Roman public baths can still be seen nearby. Aqueducts brought water six miles (10 km) to the town.

The Genoese Lighthouse (Farul Genovez)

Soaring 26 feet (7.9 m), this lighthouse was built in 1860 by the Danubius and Black Sea Company to honor Genoese merchants who established a flourishing sea trade community here in the 13th century

The Casino (Cazinoul)

Completed between the two World Wars in art nouveau style according to the plans of the architects, Daniel Renard and Petre Antonescu, the Casino features sumptuous architecture and a wonderful view of the sea. The pedestrian area around the Casino is a sought-after destination for couples and families, especially at sunset.

The House with Lions (Casa cu Lei)

Blending pre-Romantic and Genovese architectural styles, this late 19th century building features four columns adorned with imposing sculptured lions. During the 1930s, its elegant salons hosted the Constanța Masonic Lodge.

The Cathedral of Saints Peter and Paul, Constanta

located at 25 Arhiepiscopiei Street, Constanta, Romania, is the seat of the Romanian Orthodox Archbishop of Tomis, as well as a monastery. Situated between Ovid Square and the Black Sea in front of the Archbishop's Palace, it was built on the city's peninsular zone in 1883-85 following plans by architect Ion Mincu. The cornerstone was laid on 4 September 1883, during the reign of Iosif Gheorghian, Metropolitan of All Romania. The church was consecrated on 22 May 1895

Carol I Mosque in Constanta

Carol I Mosque in Constanta was commissioned in 1910 by the King of Romania and built in a Moorish style. It replaced the previous mosque from 1822. It is similar to the Konya Mosque in Anatolia (Turkey). It has rich interior wall paintings. The minaret (50 m high) offers a view of the city and harbour.

Black Sea

The Black Sea is an inland sea bounded by Europe, Anatolia and the Caucasus and is ultimately connected to the Atlantic Ocean via the Mediterranean and Aegean Seas and various straits. The Bosphorus strait connects it to the Sea of Marmara, and the strait of the Dardanelles connects that sea to the Aegean Sea region of the Mediterranean. These waters separate eastern Europe and western Asia. The Black Sea also connects to the Sea of Azov by the Strait of Kerch.

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