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Cesky Krumlov

Country
Czech Republic
State
Budejovicky
City
Cesky Krumlov
Type of Location
Multiple
About Location

Cesky Krumlov is a small city in the South Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic, best known for the fine architecture and art of the historic old town and Cesky Krumlov Castle.Old Cesky Krumlov is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and was given this status along with the historic Prague castle district.The city is named Cesky Krumlov ("Bohemian Krumlov") to differentiate it from Moravsky Krumlov ("Moravian Krumlov") in the southeast of the country.Construction of the town and castle began in the late 13th century at a ford in the Vltava River, which was important in trade routes in Bohemia.In 1302 the town and castle were owned by the House of Rosenberg.Emperor Rudolf II bought Krumlov in 1602 and gave it to his natural son Julius d’Austria.Emperor Ferdinand II gave Krumlov to the House of Eggenberg.From 1719 until 1945 the castle belonged to the House of Schwarzenberg.Most of the architecture of the old town and castle dates from the 14th through 17th centuries; the town's structures are mostly in Gothic, Renaissance, and Baroque styles.The core of the old town is within a horseshoe bend of the river, with the old Latran neighborhood and castle on the other side of the Vltava.

The town was seat of Duchy of Krumlov. 8,662 inhabitants lived in Krumau an der Moldau in 1910, including 7,367 Germans and 1,295 Czechs.During the interwar era it was part of Czechoslovakia. Between 1938 and 1945 it was annexed by Nazi Germany as part of the so-called Sudetenland. The town's German-speaking population was expelled after liberation by the American Army during World War II and it was restored to Czechoslovakia.During the Communist era of Czechoslovakia, Krumlov fell into disrepair, but since the Velvet Revolution of 1989 much of the town's former beauty has been restored, and it is now a major holiday destination popular with tourists from Germany, Austria, and beyond. In August, 2002, the town suffered from damage in the great flood of the Vltava River.

Cesky Krumlov Castle is unusually large for a town of Krumlov's size; within the Czech Republic it is second in extent only to the Hradčany castle complex of Prague.Inside its grounds are a large garden, an extensive bridge over a deep gap in the rock upon which the castle is built, and the castle itself, which in turn consists of many defined parts dating from different periods of time.After the garden was not adequately maintained during the second half of the 20th century, the site was included in the 1996 World Monuments Watch by the World Monuments Fund. With financial support from American Express the garden's central fountain was documented and reconstructed, and is functional today.Church of St. Vitus (Kostel Sv. Víta) is a Gothic church dating back to the 15th century with frescoes from the same period.

Cesky Krumlov Castle preserves its Baroque theatre, built from 1680-82 under Prince Johann Christian I von Eggenberg and renovated with modern (at the time) stage equipment under Josef Adam zu Schwarzenberg from 1765-66. With this original stage machinery, scenery and props it is among only a few such court theatres that still exist Due to its age, the theatre is only used three times a year (only two are open to the public), when a Baroque opera is performed in simulated candlelight. The castle's last private owner was Adolph Schwarzenberg. It was here that he received President Edvard Beneš and gave him a large contribution for the defence of Czechoslovakia against the growing threat of Nazi Germany. His property was seized by the Gestapo in 1940 and then confiscated by the Czechoslovak government in 1945.Cesky Krumlov is an important cultural center, hosting a number of festivals and other events each year. The best known is the Five-Petalled Rose Festival (the name is derived from the Rozmberk crest of a 5 petal red rose), which is celebrated on the weekend of summer solstice in June. The downtown area is recreated as a medieval town with craftsmen, artists, musicians, and local people dressed in costumes from the Middle Ages. Various activities such as jousting, fencing, historical dance performances, and folk theatre take place at the castle, local park, and the river bank, among other places. The festival is concluded by a fireworks show above the castle.The International Music Festival Cesky Krumlov is one of the summer's cultural events. The Festival begins in July and ends in August, and features International music from varied musical genres.In addition, various other festivals are sprouting up throughout the year. Summer music festivals in Cesky Krumlov also include the latest blues, rock, and soul festival Open Air Krumlov, which is held annually in late June at Eggenberg Brewery Garden in Cesky Krumlov.



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How to Reach

By Train

Czech Railways operates train service to Cesky Krumlov, via Ceske Budejovice.From Prague Hlavni Nadrazi train station, the regular fare is CZK 250 (for two or more people, group rate, "skupinova sleva", is available, each extra person pays CZK 125).The online discount called "SporoTiket" gives you a price of CZK 160 to CZK 200.The train leaves every 2 hours, trip takes 3 hours 40 minutes and requires a transfer at Ceske Budejovice.The train station in Cesky Krumlov is located north of the main square and the castle; the walk to the center is 15-20 minutes downhill.Taxis often wait in the parking lot for tired travelers it may be worth the CZK 100 ride into town, especially at night.

By Bus

From Prague, and other nearby cities or towns of Bohemia, getting to Cesky Krumlov by public bus is easier, faster, and cheaper than by train.Student Agency runs up to 8 buses per day between Cesky Krumlov and the Na Knizeci bus station in Prague, near the Andel metro station. A one-way journey takes 3 hours, and costs CZK 185.The bus stops at Pisek and Ceske Budejovice. Cheaper and more comfortable than other public buses.Upon arriving in Cesky Krumlov, there are two bus stops: the first is north of the castle, the second is the main terminal and is located east of the main square.Both stations are about a five to ten minute walk from the main square--from the north, walk down Latran ulice, from the east, head westward and look for Horni ulice off the main road.Check which stop is closest to your accommodation before your trip.

Key places to visit
Cesky Krumlov Castle, Castle Theatre, Church of St. Vitus, Sumava National Park, Regional Museum


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Places to Visit

Cesky Krumlov Castle

Is unusually large for a town of Krumlov's size; within the Czech Republic it is second in extent only to the Hradčany castle complex of Prague.Inside its grounds are a large garden, an extensive bridge over a deep gap in the rock upon which the castle is built, and the castle itself, which in turn consists of many defined parts dating from different periods of time.After the garden was not adequately maintained during the second half of the 20th century, the site was included in the 1996 World Monuments Watch by the World Monuments Fund.With financial support from American Express the garden's central fountain was documented and reconstructed, and is functional today.

Castle Theatre

Cesky Krumlov Castle preserves its Baroque theatre, built from 1680-82 under Prince Johann Christian I von Eggenberg and renovated with modern (at the time) stage equipment under Josef Adam zu Schwarzenberg from 1765-66.With this original stage machinery, scenery and props it is among only a few such court theatres that still exist Due to its age, the theatre is only used three times a year (only two are open to the public), when a Baroque opera is performed in simulated candlelight.The castle's last private owner was Adolph Schwarzenberg.It was here that he received President Edvard Benes and gave him a large contribution for the defence of Czechoslovakia against the growing threat of Nazi Germany.His property was seized by the Gestapo in 1940 and then confiscated by the Czechoslovak government in 1945.

Church of St. Vitus

is a Gothic church dating back to the 15th century with frescoes from the same period.

Sumava National Park

Is a National Park in the Plzen and South Bohemian Regions of the Czech Republic along the border with Germany (where a smaller Bayerischer National Park lies) and Austria.They protect a little-inhabited area of the mountain range of the same name, the Sumava.Originally, a large Landscape Protected Area was declared on 27 December 1963 covering most of the Sumava Range.On 20 March 1991 the most valuable part of the area was declared a National Park with the rest of the Landscape Protected Area serving as its buffer zone.The Sumava Range is covered by the most extensive forest in Central Europe, whose natural composition was, however, changed and today spruce plantations prevail in most of the area. In many places non-native spruce varieties were planted. These are not well adapted to the harsh local climate and are therefore susceptible to a range of elements, such as strong winds (e.g. in the 1980s or recently at the beginning of 2007) and bark beetle (Ips typographus).Numerous large plateaux with raised peat bogs, glacial lakes and remnants of primeval forests (e.g. Boubín) complete a mosaic of habitats which are little disturbed by human settlements as most of the predominantly German speaking inhabitants were expelled after the World War II and the area became a part of the deserted zone along the Eastern block border. Since the 1970s there has existed a stable population of lynxes.

Regional Museum

Permanent exhibitions of Bohemian antiques, geological fossils, archeological finds from the nearby Celtic oppidum, and interesting rotating exhibits of local interest. On the top floor, check out the ceramic scale model of Cesky Krumlov at the turn of the 19th century, when eight more towers and spires decorated the landscape.

Right Time to Visit

October - December
February - June

Temperature

Information not available


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