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Ceske Budejovice

Country
Czech Republic
State
Budejovicky
City
Ceske Budejovice
Type of Location
Multiple
About Location

Ceske Budejovice is a city in the Czech Republic.It is the largest city in the South Bohemian Region and is the political and commercial capital of the region and centre of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Ceske Budejovice and of the University of South Bohemia and the Academy of Sciences.The town is not to be confused with Moravske Budejovice in Moravia.The city was founded by Hirzo, a knight of King Ottokar II of Bohemia, and was granted its municipal charter in 1265.The royal city was created as a platform of the king's power in South Bohemia and to counterbalance the powerful aristocratic House of Rosenberg, which died out in 1611.The city was traditionally a bulwark of the Catholics in the long-lasting religious conflicts in Bohemia.The city was a German-speaking enclave from the 17th century until 1880.During the industrialization of the city, Czechs again became the ethnic majority.Until the Expulsion of Germans after World War II, the city contained a significant German minority (about 15.5% in 1930).Budejovice has long been well known for the beer brewed there since the 13th century.For a time the town was the imperial brewery for the Holy Roman Emperor, and Budweiser Bier (beer from Budweis) became,along with Plzen's Pilsener, one of the best-known lagers.Brewing remains a major industry.The largest brewery, founded in 1895, is Pivovar Budejovicky Budvar (Budweiser Budvar Brewery) which has legal rights to market its beer under the "Budweiser" brand name in much of Europe.The same product is also sold elsewhere under the names "Budvar" and "Czechvar" due to legal disagreements with Anheuser-Busch over the Budweiser brand.The American lager was originally brewed as an imitation of the famous Bohemian original, but over time has developed its own identity and attained remarkable commercial success.Anheuser-Busch has made offers to buy out the Czech brewing company in order to secure global rights to the name "Budweiser", but the Czech government has refused all such offers, regarding the Czech Budweiser name as a matter of national pride.

The oldest (founded in 1795) and second largest brewery was renamed to "Pivovar Samson", replacing its original German name, during the communist period.It also exported, mostly under the "Samson" and "Crystal" labels. Recently, they reacquired naming rights for Budweiser for Europe while offering "B. B. Burgerbrau" in the US since 2005.The old town preserves interesting architecture from Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque and 19th century period.This includes buildings around the large town square, the old town hall with murals and bronze gargoyles, and the town tower "Cerna vez" ("Black Tower").In the new town the Belle Epoque Austro-Hungarian train station is notable.The most valuable historic building in Ceske Budejovice is the Dominican convent with the Gothic Presentation of the Virgin Mary church on Piaristic Square.The horse-drawn railroad line connecting Ceske Budejovice to Linz was the second oldest public line in continental Europe (after the St.Etienne-Andrexieux line in France), constructed from 1824 to 1832; mere traces of the line can be seen south of the city center.



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How to Reach

By Air

The closest major airport is Linz Airport (LNZ / LOWL).This airport has international and domestic flights from Linz, Austria and is about 86 km from the center of Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic.Another major airport is Prague Ruzyne Airport (PRG / LKPR), which has international and domestic flights from Prague, Czech Republic and is 125 km from Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic.

By Train

Trains connect from Prague to Ceske Budejovice every hour.The trip from Prague takes 2h 42 min.For two people it costs 320 Kc (Aug 2010), which includes the small groups discount.If travelling alone it is apparently 213 Kc.

By Bus

Buses leave frequently from "Na Knizeci" and "Roztyly" bus stations in Prague and cost about 150 Kc (as of June 2010).The trip takes approximately two and a half to three hours.There is also the Yellow Bus line offered by Student Agency, which takes just 2 hours, 20 minutes for a similar price.The bus hub in Ceske Budejovice is at the "Mercury Centrum", a two-story shopping mall with the bus station on the roof, located just outside the city center.

Key places to visit
Pivovar Budyjovicky Budvar, The Erratic Boulder, Premysl Otakar II Square, Cesky Krumlov Castle


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Places to Visit

Pivovar Budyjovicky Budvar

Take a tour of the city's largest brewery and home of "Budweiser" brand beer sold in most of Europe.Call in several days in advance to schedule a tour, or if that's not possible, tours for visitors without reservations take place each day at 2PM.Price of admission is 100 Kc/person, and visitors age 18 or over are also able to visit their beer tasting cellar. Incidentally, this is not the same as the "Budweiser" beer sold in the United States and Canada; due to trademark disputes over the name with US-based Anheuser-Busch, this is sold in the Americas under the "Budvar" or "Czechvar" names.

The Erratic Boulder

Is not far from the Samson’s fountain, marked with a cross.In the past, there was an execution scaffold here, and to this days legend says that anybody who crosses the Erratic Boulder after ten p.m. will not find his way home and will wander the city until the morning.

Premysl Otakar II Square

The immense square in the middle of the city. Historical landmarks here include St. Nicholas Cathedral, the Black Tower, Samson's Fountain and the distinct yellow-colored Vcela Palace.you can climb the tower near the old town square and admire the view from the top.

Cesky Krumlov Castle

Is unusually large for a town of Krumlov's size; within the Czech Republic it is second in extent only to the Hradcany castle complex of Prague.Inside its grounds are a large garden, an extensive bridge over a deep gap in the rock upon which the castle is built, and the castle itself, which in turn consists of many defined parts dating from different periods of time.After the garden was not adequately maintained during the second half of the 20th century, the site was included in the 1996 World Monuments Watch by the World Monuments Fund. With financial support from American Express the garden's central fountain was documented and reconstructed, and is functional today.

Right Time to Visit

September - December
February - June

Temperature

Information not available


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