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Cape Breton

Nova Scotia
Cape Breton
Type of Location
About Location


Places to Visit
How to Reach

By Air

Nova Scotia is located two hours closer to Europe than any other mainland North American destination and its capital city, Halifax, is geographically closer to Boston and New York than any other major Canadian city. The Halifax Robert L. Stanfield International Airport is the Atlantic Canadian hub for all domestic, regional and international services. Visit to view a list of airlines providing flight options to Halifax.

By Ship

It makes perfect sense to come to Nova Scotia by sea. With loads of options, it can be quick and convenient and with the thrill of an ocean voyage, getting here really is half the fun.

As part of the Canada/New England cruise corridor, more than 20 major cruise lines visit Nova Scotia ports of call. From the marquee ports of Halifax and Sydney, to the smaller ports of call, a variety of shore excursions will provide rich cultural experiences to suit every taste. Discover the birthplace of New Scotland, be a soldier for a day, immerse yourself in 1744 France or visit a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

By Bus & Train

Highways from all points in the United States and Canada join the Trans Canada Highway from New Brunswick into Nova Scotia.
Greyhound from New York and Voyageur from Montreal connect with Acadian Lines which serves Atlantic Canada. At Amherst, intraprovincial bus lines link most major communities.

VIA Rail Canada provides transcontinental train service; there are stations in Truro and Halifax

Key places to visit
Annapolis Valley, Glace Bay, Cabot Trail, Cape Breton Highlands National Park


Places to Visit

Annapolis Valley

Annapolis Valley, situated in charmingly landscaped countryside in Nova Scotia, stretches northward from Digby and Annapolis Royal and runs parallel to the coastline of the Bay of Fundy. The valley with its fertile soil is protected on both sides from cold and unfavorable winds by mountains over 200 m (650 ft) high, in the north by the North Range and in the south by the South Range. Being thus protected from the weather various kinds of fruit and vegetable can flourish. A lot of maize (Indian corn) is also grown here. In May, when the fruit trees are in blossom, the valley is a wonderful sight.

Glace Bay

The busy town of Glace Bay is situated on a north-east facing promontory of Cap Breton Island. In earlier times soldiers from the nearby French Fort Louisbourg mined coal here and the name probably comes from the ice (Fr. "glace") that the Louisbourg soldiers found in the bay in winter. The hill on which the town was built contained vast coal
deposits, mined by the French since 1720. In the 19th c. when iron was discovered in neighboring Newfoundland further north, heavy industry quickly became established. Glace Bay flourished and many European emigrants arrived in the area. Nor did the town's growth grind to a halt when the coal ran out in the 1950s. A State program helped to set up new industries.

Cabot Trail

The Cabot Trail is a 300km (190mi) stretch in the north-west of the island, starting from Baddeck. It got its name from the Italian seafarer Giovanni Caboto (John Cabot), who is thought to have been the first to land in North America in 1497.

The enchanting combination of prairieland, hills and forests together with the proximity of the sea must make the Cabot Trail one of the most beautiful scenic stretches in the whole of North America.

Cape Breton Highlands National Park

This national park with numerous footpaths extends over 985 (380 sq.mi) in the north of the island between the St Lawrence River and the Atlantic. The varied animal life is particularly impressive and includes beaver, deer, wild-cats, parrots, wild duck and eagles.

The Information Offices in this park are to be found near Chéticamp and Igonish on the Cabot Trail. They are open in summer, late spring, and autumn; during the remainder of the year information can be obtained from the offices in Ingonish which are open every day.


Louisbourg (Fortresse de Louisbourg), once an important French military base and now one of the most visited historical sites in Canada, lies on the eastern side of Cape Breton Island about 40km (25mi) south of the town of Sydney.

Right Time to Visit

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