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Bucaramanga

Country
Colombia
State
Santander
City
Bucaramanga
Type of Location
Multiple
About Location

Bucaramanga is a Colombian city, and capital city of the department of Santander, Colombia. Bucaramanga has the fifth largest city economy and sixth largest population in Colombia, with 1,212,656 people in its metropolitan area.Bucaramanga has over 160 parks scattered throughout the city and has been given the nicknames "La Ciudad de Los Parques" ("City of Parks") and "La Ciudad Bonita de Colombia" ("Colombia's Beautiful City").It is internationally recognized for its parks.

Bucaramanga has grown rapidly since the 1960s, mostly into neighboring locations within the metropolitan area.Floridablanca, Giron and Piedecuesta are inextricably linked geographically and commercially with Bucaramanga, forming a large metropolitan city.The city is the base of the Colombian Petroleum Institute (ICP),the research branch of the state oil company Ecopetrol and the Colombian Natural Gas Company (Ecogas).

Giron was the first and most significant town founded by Spanish colonizers in the region and Bucaramanga (founded in 1622) did not overtake Giron in population or economic significance until the early 19th century. In the 1860s and 1870s the city attracted a core of German merchants and adventurers (the most famous of whom was Georg von Lengerke) and tensions between the newcomers and local merchants flared in 1879.With the political reorganization of 1886 Bucaramanga replaced Socorro as departmental capital.The region (although not the city itself) was devastated by the civil war of 1899-1902 commonly known as the Thousand Days War and Bucaramanga grew only modestly in the first half of the 20th century.

The municipal flag of Bucaramanga was designed by the historian Gustavo Gomez Mejia.Made of two green stripes with a yellow one in the middle.In the center is a blue disk, surrounded with a red circle.In the middle of the blue disk is a white star.In the red circle is written the following legend: "Below the azure of its sky and defended by the generous blood of its sons, Bucaramanga is opened to the four horizons of the motherland".(Ivan Sache, 23 March 2001).

Bucaramanga is also known as the "Ciudad de los Parques" ("City of the Parks") and "Ciudad Bonita" ("Beautiful City").The city is served by one transportation terminal and the Palonegro Airport, which is located west of the city. In general, the more prosperous areas are along and above Carrera 33 (Cabecera area) and to the south, over the Viaduct in Floridablanca (Canaveral area), while the poorest areas are to the north (Kennedy area).The site of the old airport, the last big piece of undeveloped land on the plateau itself, was turned into middle-class apartment housing (Ciudadela Real de Minas) in the 1980s.The government center for the city and department, built around the old colonial plaza, is several blocks removed from the commercial center of the city.The departmental university, the Universidad Industrial de Santander (UIS), is in the northeastern part of the city; there are several private universities of varying quality.

On January 20, 2006, Colombian company Telecom launched WiMAX, thus becoming the first city in Colombia and the second in Latin America to have it.Colombian artist Oscar Rodriguez Naranjo came back from France during the Second World War and settled in Bucaramanga. Rodriguez Naranjo taught at the art school while he made a number of paintings that would build up his reputation in Colombia.In 1941 he became the Director of the Academia de Bellas Artes in Bucaramanga.



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How to Reach

By Air

Palonegro International Airport (IATA: BGA, ICAO: SKBG) is located in the town of Lebrija, Santander, about 30 km west of Bucaramanga, Colombia.The airport provides the Bucaramanga Metropolitan Area and surrounding towns with access to international and domestic flights.The airport receives flights from major cities in Colombia as well as international flights from Panama City.The main terminal is 18 minutes from the city in the fast lane of the highway west to Giron.It is currently positioned as the eighth largest airport in Colombia, for this reason they are currently investing money in the expansion and construction of a new National boarding area.

By Bus

The city offers a clean, modern and nice bus station (La Terminal de Transportes de Bucaramanga) from where you can take busses to almost any destination around Colombia; you can even take buses from here that will take you to Venezuela, Peru and Ecuador.There are frequent 10 hour buses from Bogota for prices starting from COP 40000.Metrolinea Opened in December 2009, the new bus system rides by exclusive lanes making many trips faster and more comfortable. It is safe a clean.

By taxi

This is by far the best way to travel around if you don't mind spending a bit more for transportation. The cabs here are very clean, safe and they will take you anywhere you want.However, if you ride a cab, please make sure that you get the plates written down somewhere, and as an advice, it would be better if you call the company and request a cab.

Key places to visit
Chicamocha National Park, Sagrada Familia Church, House of the Total Book, Golf Course in Floridablanca


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Places to Visit

Chicamocha National Park

Also known as Panachi is a Colombian Natural park along the Chicamocha Canyon (Canon del Chicamocha) located 50 km from the city of Bucaramanga, Santander.The site is a tourist attraction due to is spectacular landscape and the variety of outdoor activities that it offers such as paragliding, spelunking, bushwalking, camping, fishing, kayaking, rafting, mountain climbing, etc.Cultural activities include the Museo Guane, Plaza de los Costumbres and the Salón de Exposiciones.

Sagrada Familia Church

Painted in impeccable white is the house where remain intact the figures of the consecrated and venerated family of the Catholics, safeguard of all the people in Bucaramanga.From the cornice and in the middle of two robust columns which adorn with their color the fund, you can find the dome of the church, which is known as the macaw for the picturesque that it gives to the structure.

House of the Total Book

A unique project and a pride for Santander.This traditional casona was arranged to execute the production and recovery of the cultural heritage in order to spread it in a digital way, allowing people to transcend the physical barriers and to announce to the world the power of art by means of this tool called the Total Book.It manages to connect the history with the current times, involving all the generations and pleasing all preferences.

Golf Course in Floridablanca

It is a field of 52 hectares in the area of Canaveral.It has 18 holes and an entire length of 6.349 yards with a pair of 72.The course was designed and constructed with the highest international standards.The grass was sowed from imported seeds and the field has a system of artificial irrigation.It is located in a traditional club and the field is in the middle of big trees and natural obstacles, circumstances that test the players’ skills.

Right Time to Visit

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