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Kosi Anchal
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About Location

Biratnagar is a sub metropolitan city in south east Nepal which is considered as the second largest city after Kathmandu.In Nepali "Birat" means Huge and "Nagar" means city.Biratnagar is the hometown of many influential leaders in Nepalese politics including Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala, Girija Prasad Koirala, Manmohan Adhikari and Kirtinidhi Bista.Biratnagar is an industrial power house of Nepal with many industries located in and around its suburbs.It is in Koshi Zone - one of the fourteen administrative zones of Nepal and is also the headquarter of Morang district.Since it is located in the fertile Gangetic plains, the land is very fertile and hence Biratnagar has traditionally been an agricultural hub and is home to many agriculture based industries of the country.It is located near the border of India and is therefore a major center for trade and commerce with India. Biratnagar is linked with Kathmandu by roadways and airways.Biratnagar Airport is the regional hub for vital air services serving the Eastern part of the country.The weather in Biratnagar is extreme,very hot and humid in Summer and very cold in winter.Biratnagar experiences 6 seasons.The major mode of transport to the city is road transport.It is well connected to other parts of the country through buses.Biratnagar is also well connected to Kathmandu and some hilly places by air transport. Biratnagar Airport is one of the busiest airports in Nepal with most flights to Kathmandu.It is also easy to travel to and from India by trains from the bordering Indian city of Jogbani.There are direct trains to the city of Kolkata and the Indian capital New Delhi from Jogbani. In 2008, a survey for a railway extension from India was done.It was completed in 2009.The best way of getting around the city is by using cycle rickshaws and taxi.There are also auto rickshaws running short distances but they don't operate in the main market area.For easy roundabout of the city there are tempos and mini bus.

Biratnagar is not a typical tourist city but is a great hub to explore the interesting places in eastern Nepal like Ilam.However, there are many things to do in the city.You can stroll along the unique market which is along a straight road and branches out and savor the street food.For the food lovers, don't miss the tasty barbecues (called "sekuwa" in Nepali) and other local delicacies or satisfy your sweet tooth with tasty sweets in one of many sweet shops in the main market.As a hub for your travel plans in Eastern Nepal, Biratnagar is ideal.The Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve, is a mere 90 minute drive from the city and is famous for its wildlife, especially for bird-watching enthusiasts.It is also home to the endangered wild buffaloes called "Arna" in Nepali.The largest rhododendron forests of Tinjure, Milke and Jaljale can be reached in about 3–4 hours.Scenic treks with views of Mt. Makalu and Kanchenjunga can be started from the small towns of Basantapur or Tumlingtar.The beautiful tea gardens of Ilam is just 4 hours drive away.Another place of interest is the hilly district of Dhankuta with its orange orchards.

How to Reach

By Air

Biratnagar Airport (IATA: BIR, ICAO: VNVT) is an airport serving Biratnagar,a city of the Morang district in the Kosi zone in Nepal.Nepal government owned and operated, Biratnagar Airport began its service on 6 July 1958, the same year the nation's first Royal Nepal Airlines began its scheduled domestic and international flights.The airport is the hub of the Eastern Region of the nation and supports 6 STOL airports: Taplejung, Bhojpur, Phaplu, Rumjatar, Lamidanda and Tumlingtar.The airport boasts the highest domestic traffic.Civil Aviation is planning to enable Biratnagar Airport to operate bigger airliners like Boeing 747.Equipped with air traffic control, the airport is located at an elevation of 236 feet (72 m) above mean sea level.It has one runway designated 09/27 with an asphalt surface measuring 1,524 by 30 metres (5,000 × 98 ft).

By Train

It is also easy to travel to and from India by trains from the bordering Indian city of Jogbani.There are direct trains to the city of Kolkata and the Indian capital New Delhi from Jogbani.In 2008, a survey for a railway extension from India was done.It was completed in 2009.

By Bus

it may take 10-12 hours of time for about ($8-13).There are two ways in travelling in bus one is in day and other in night.In comparision to day, night buses are safe to travel because at night there are no strikes.But there is maximum probability of accident in night.While travelling in bus we can wittness the beauty of various scenes that lacks in the aeroplanes.Its good to take food of your own because where the bus stops to feed the passangers are expensive and the food is either stale or it is not warm.Only the crew members of bus gets proper food.

Key places to visit
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve, Dasain Festival, Tihar festival, Baraha Chhetra, Biratnagar Haat Bazaar, The Koshi Tappu


Places to Visit

Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve

is a protected area in the Terai of eastern Nepal covering 175 km2 (68 sq mi) of wetlands in the Sunsari, Saptari and Udayapur Districts.In altitude it ranges from 75 to 81 metres (246 to 266 ft) and consists of extensive mudflats, reed beds, and freshwater marshes in the floodplain of the Sapta Kosi River.It was established in 1976 and designated as a Ramsar site in December 1987.It can be accessed from the Mahendra Highway.A study of the reserve was conducted between 1997 to 1998 by the Central Department of Zoology, Tribhuvan University in Kathmandu.The study found serious conflicts between the reserve wildlife and the local people living adjacent to the reserve.The people suffered crop depredations and animal harassment while the reserve managers had the problems of poaching, cattle grazing, and other illegal activities in the reserve.The study has several recommendations, one of which is the promotion of tourism to the area with the reserve using local tourist guides trained by wildlife experts.Notable among the 485 bird species are Watercock, Indian nightjar, Dusky eagleowl, Black-headed cuckooshrike, Whitetailed stonechat, Striated grassbird, Large adjutant stork, Pallas’s fish eagle, Common golden-eye, and Gullbilled tern.Bengal Florican, Swamp Francolin and Nepal Rufous-vented Prinia occur as well.

Dasain Festival

is the 15-day national (religious) festival of Nepal,It is the longest and the most auspicious festival in the Nepalese annual calendar, celebrated by Nepalese of all caste and creed throughout the globe. The festival falls around September–October, starting from the bright lunar fortnight and ending on the day of full moon.Throughout the country the goddess Durga in all her manifestations are worshiped with innumerable pujas, abundant offerings and thousands of animal sacrifices for the ritual of holy bathing, thus drenching the goddess for days in blood.This festival is also known for its emphasis on the family gatherings, as well as on a renewal of community ties.People return from all parts of the world, as well as different parts of the country, to celebrate together.All government offices, educational institions and other offices remain closed during the festival period.

Tihar festival

is a five-day Nepalese festival celebrated in late autumn, which comes soon after Dashain.Two of these days incorporates the Hindu festival Deepavali, where one day is celebrated for goddess Laxmi and the other one is celebrated to worship brothers for their long life.However, all ethnic groups celebrate this festival.The festival is celebrated from Trayodashi of Kartik Krishna to Katrik Shukla Dwitiya every year.The name Tihar means the festival of lights, where many candles are lit both inside and outside the houses to make it bright at night.The five-day festival is considered to be of great importance as it shows reverence to not just the humans and the Gods, but also to the animals like crow, cow and dog, who maintain an intense relationship with the humans.

Baraha Chhetra

Take an hour's splendid scenic drive away from Biratnagar to Baraha Cheetra, an important Hindu pilgrimage site located at the confluence of Koka and Sapta Kosh rivers. Walk for 15 minutes from the nearby surroding area to reach the temple.Temple offers magnificiant view of the surrounding view of the riverside.Reach the temple by local bus for less Rupees or by hired taxi for Rupees 2000 to Rupees 2500.On the banks of the river, view devotees taking holy baths. According to Hindu Legand, Lord Vishnu came down to earth and destroyed Hirayankashyapu, an evil demon at this very spot.

Biratnagar Haat Bazaar

Open Market (Haat Bazaar) takes place every Wednesday in a field east of Biratnagar.Make sure to visit the Haat when you get to this place.

The Koshi Tappu

Visit this wet wonderland in Nepal for bird watching expeditions.It rests along the flood plains of Sapta Koshi river in the Terai belt of Saptari and Sunsari districts of eastern Nepal.It is belived to be one of the best wild life rich wetlands of Asia.Two hours drive from Biratnagar is all it takes to discover a hidden wetland in Asia.

Right Time to Visit

December - February
August - November


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