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Battambang is the capital city of Battambang province in northwestern Cambodia.Battambang is the second-largest city in Cambodia with a population of over 250,000.Founded in the 11th century by the Khmer Empire,Battambang is well known for being the leading rice-producing province of the country.For over 500 years,it was the main commercial hub of Siam's Eastern Provinces,though it was always populated by Khmer with a mix of ethnic Vietnamese,Lao,Thai and Chinese.Still today Battambang is the main hub of the Northwest connecting the entire region with Phnom Penh and Thailand,and as such it’s a vital link to Cambodia.

The city is situated by the Sangker River,a tranquil,small body of water that winds its way through Battambang Province providing its nice picturesque setting.As with much of Cambodia,the French Colonial architecture is an attractive bonus of the city.It is home to some of the best-preserved, French colonial architecture in the country.With a $36,000 financial grant from Novo Nordisk and financial support from the World Diabetes Foundation, one of two diabetes clinics was built in the town- the other was built in Kampong Thom.

Battambang was established as an important trading city with around 2,500 residents in the 18th century.They lived mostly along a single road parallel to the Sangker River.In 1795 Thailand annexed much of northwestern Cambodia including the provinces of Battambang and Siem Reap.The Abhaiwongse family rule Battambang for six generations which lasted until 1907 when the province was ceded to the French to be part of their Indochina colony.

Following the colonization of the French in Battambang the colonial administration developed an urban layout which enlarged the size of the French colonial town.In the first time development, they constructed a grid pattern of well-defined streets,put in the urban structures and built three main streets parallel to the Sangker River,connected the both side with two bridges in 1917.Military purposes and prison infrastructures were erected inside the compound.19 years later, a second urban development plan was created with a newly constructed railway linked from Battambang to Phnom Penh.The urban structure was extended to the west of the town, featuring some important urban axes orienting on the railway station.

How to Reach

By Road

Buses and share taxis run to many destinations,including Phnom Penh,Siem Reap (via Sisophon) and the Thai border at Poipet/Aranyaprathet (also via Sisophon) and Pailin.The Phnom Penh - Battambang - Sisophon road is sealed and well maintained,and the bridges are not prone to collapsing (unlike their counterparts on the unsealed roads).Travelling by car,takes around four hours to get to Phnom Penh,and just under an hour to get to Sisophon.Buses to Phnom Penh take about five-six hours and cost about US$4.

By Boat

Boats go to and from Siem Reap (for Angkor) daily.An interesting and very scenic journey along small rivers,the boats thread their way through numerous charming floating villages and past dozens of towering cantilevered fishing net installations.It can take as little as four hours, or over twelve,depending on the time of year (and hence the water level),however the time can be fairly accurately predicted by checking the time that the same boat arrived yesterday.When the water level gets very low, the boats cannot get all the way to Battambang and the journey is completed by minibus or pick-up.

Key places to visit
Ba Nan Temple, Prasat Snung, Phnom Sampeu, Sek Sak Resort, Boeng Kam Pinh Puoy Resort, Wat Ek Temple, Ba Set Temple, Nory


Places to Visit

Ba Nan Temple

Adapts the architecture of mid 11th century and the end of 12th century the temple was first built by King Dharanindravarman II (1050–1066) and was built finally built by the King Jayavarman VII (1181–1220).The temple is located on the top of approximate 400-metre heighten mountain at Koh Tey 2 commune,Ba Nan District in 15-kilometre distance from the provincial town by the provincial Road No 155 parallel to Sang Ke River.At the mountain’s valley,there are Ku Teuk and two main natural well,namely Bit Meas and Chhung or Chhung Achey.

Prasat Snung

Characterizes as three separated stupas made of brick, located on a hill having 98 ft length and 66 ft width,in Snung pagoda’s area,Snung commune, Ba Nan District in 22-kilometre distance from the provincial town.According to the style at the gate,the temple is similar to other temples in 12th century.Behind the temple, there is another new constructing temple.

Phnom Sampeu

A hill with the Killing Caves of the Khmer Rouge,a few others caves adorned with Buddhist statues, and a monastery with two Buddhist Stupas on the hilltop.Entry is US$2 also covering Wat Banan - and it takes about an hour to climb the circuit to the monastery on top,with a short-cut leading back down to the shops and restaurants which line the approaching road.

Sek Sak Resort

Is the natural resort, which has been popular since before the civil war time.Sek Sak stretches along the river bank full of plant, trees and bamboo-green nature in 1,640 ft length.As long as visiting Sek Sak, tourists can also visit other attractive sites like Po Pus Pich Chen Da Dong Tong and Sa Ang speak, the pre-history site in five kilometer (3.1 mi) to six kilometer (3.75 mi) distance from each other. Sek Sak located Treng commune,Rotanak Mondul District in 50-kilometre (31 mi) distance from the provincial town of Battambang along the National Road No 57, the former National Road No 10.

Boeng Kam Pinh Puoy Resort

Locates between two mountains,named Phnom Kul or Phnom Ta Nget and Phnom Kam Pinh Puoy, at Ta Nget village,Ta Kriem Commune in 35-kilometre (22 mi) distance from the provincial town. Boeng kam Pinh Puoy has 6,230 ft width,19-kilometre (12 mi) length and can load 110,000,000 cubic metres.

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