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Barranquilla is an industrial port city and municipality located in northern Colombia, near the Caribbean Sea.The capital of the Atlantico Department, it is the largest industrial city and port in the Colombian Caribbean region with a population of 1,148,506 as of 2005, which makes it Colombia's fourth most populous city after Bogota, Medellin and Cali.

Barranquilla lies strategically next to the delta of the Magdalena River, 7.5 kilometres (originally 25 km before rapid urban growth) from its mouth at the Caribbean Sea, serving as port for river and maritime transportation within Colombia.It is also the main industrial, shopping, educational and cultural centre of the Caribbean Region of Colombia.The city is the core of the Metropolitan Area of Barranquilla, which is constituted by the municipalities of Soledad, Galapa, Malambo, and Puerto Colombia.

Barranquilla was legally established as a town on April 7, 1813, although it dated from at least 1629. It grew into an important port, serving as a haven for immigrants from Europe, especially during and right after World War I and World War II, with waves of additional immigrants from the Middle East and Asia.Barranquilla became Colombia's principal port, and with its level of industrialization and modernity earned the city the nickname Colombia's Golden Gate (Spanish: La Puerta de Oro de Colombia). In the 1940s, Barranquilla was the second largest city in Colombia and one of the most modern cities in the Caribbean and in South America, while later, local administrations, given to widespread corruption, brought about a decline in the standard of living. As government investment increased in other Colombian cities, Barranquilla's national position was surpassed.

The city is home to one of the most important folk and cultural festivals of Colombia, the Carnival of Barranquilla, which was declared a National Cultural Heritage by the Congress of Colombia in 2001 and recognized by UNESCO in 2003.Ernesto Cortissoz International Airport, was built in Barranquilla in 1919, becoming the first airport in South America. The city is served by domestic and international flights.

How to Reach

By Air

Ernesto Cortissoz International Airport, was built in Barranquilla in 1919, becoming the first airport in South America.The city is served by domestic and international flights.

By Bus

In the city a network of buses and minibuses routes are where fares vary depending on model (old) and amenities like air conditioning.These prices are visible in the windshield of the vehicle and range from COP 1,300 (USD $ 0.60) and COP 1,500 (USD $ 0.75).The bus transportation is the most used by the population.In 2001,the district administration started developing TransMetro metropolitan mass transit system.The system operates with articulated buses traveling on set lanes and stop at fixed stops.

Key places to visit
Bocas de Ceniza, Teatro Amira de la Rosa, Museo Romantico, Caribbean Cultural Park, Edificio Garcia, Barranquilla Zoo, Villa Country, Planetario de Barranquilla


Places to Visit

Bocas de Ceniza

Bocas de Ceniza is the mouth of the Magdalena River in the Caribbean Sea.Its importance lies in accessing the port of Barranquilla.Occasionally trips are organized on river barges that depart from Las Flores to Bocas de Ceniza.There are also special excursions made by small boats along the river, enjoying the local restaurants and touring the nearby swamps.

Teatro Amira de la Rosa

Housed in a traditional strategic sector of the city at the confluence of the deep-rooted neighborhoods of El Prado, Montecristo and Abajo, this theatre, as well as venues such as the Coliseo Humberto Perea and Casa del Carnaval Colosseum has had an important role in cultural diffusion sinc 1982, with space for gatherings, presentations, meetings, concerts and exhibitions.

Museo Romantico

Is located in a Republican mansion inEl Prado district,showing objects from the history of the city. Costumes can be seen from the Carnival Queens to a replica of the old Abello ridge on the Paseo de Bolivar, through to the typewriter that Gabriel Garcia Marquez wrote his first novel on, La Hojarasca.There are also letters of Simon Bolivar,photographs,albums,collections of newspapers, and other items that identify the history of the city.

Caribbean Cultural Park

Is ambitious cultural complex, unique in its kind in the Caribbean Region and Colombia. Conceived in the framework of the restoration of the historic center of the city, it promotes the natural, cultural and historical aspects of the Colombian Caribbean. It contains the Museo del Caribe, Biblioteca Infantil Piloto del Caribe, Biblioteca Mediateca Macondo (specializing in the work of Gabriel Garcia Marquez), a Documentation Centre, a Multi-Function Room and a public plaza outdoor theatre.The second phase of the development will be complemented by the Museo de Arte Moderno de Barranquill and Cinemateca del Caribe.Custom-Elbers cultural park. Plaza of the locomotive.

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