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Athens

Country
Greece
State
Attica
City
Athens
Type of Location
Multiple
About Location

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Places to Visit
How to Reach

By Air

Athens is served by the state-of-the-art Eleftherios Venizelos International Airport (AIA) located near the town of Spata, in the eastern Messoghia plain,some 35 km east of Athens.The airport was awarded the "European Airport of the Year 2004" Award.Intended as an expandable hub for air travel in southeastern Europe,it was constructed in a record 51 months costing 2.2 billion euros,and employing a staff of 14,000.An express bus service is provided, connecting the airport to the metro system,and 2 express bus services connect the airport to the port at Piraeus and the city centre respectively. Eleftherios Venizelos accommodates 65 landings and take-offs per hour,with its 24 passenger boarding bridges,144 check-in counters and broader 1,614,587 sq ft main terminal,and a commercial area of 75,347 sq ft which includes cafes,duty-free shops,and a small museum.

By Train

The third line, not run by the Athens Metro, is the ISAP,the Electric Railway Company.This is the Green line of the Athens Metro as shown on the adjacent map,and unlike the red and blue routes running entirely underground,ISAP runs either above-ground or below-ground at different sections of its journey.This same operation runs the original metro line from Piraeus to Kifisia it serves 22 stations,with a network length of 25.6 km (15.9 mi),an operating staff of 730 and a fleet of 44 trains and 243 cars,and a daily occupancy rate of 600,000 passengers.

By Bus

Ethel or Thermal Bus Company,is the main operator of buses in Athens. Its network consists of about 300 bus lines which span the entire Attica Basin,with an operating staff of 5,327,and a fleet of 1,839 buses.Of those 1,839 buses 416 run on compressed natural gas,making up the largest fleet of natural gas-powered buses in Europe.Besides being served by a fleet of natural-gas and diesel buses, the Athens metropolitan area is also served by trolleybuses or electric buses,as they are referred to in the name of the operating company. The network operated by Electric Buses of the Athens and Pireaus Region,or ILPAP,consists of 22 lines with an operating staff of 1,137.All of the 366 trolleybuses are equipped to enable them to run on diesel in case of power failure.

Key places to visit
Temple of Olympian Zeus, Philopappos Monument, National Archaeological Museum, Odeon of Herodes Atticus, Old Acropolis Museum, National Garden of Athens, Nea Filadelfeia, Kolonaki Square


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Places to Visit

Temple of Olympian Zeus

Also known as the Olympieion or Columns of the Olympian Zeus, is a colossal ruined temple in the centre of the Greek capital Athens that was dedicated to Zeus, king of the Olympian gods. Construction began in the 6th century BC during the rule of the Athenian tyrants, who envisaged building the greatest temple in the ancient world, but it was not completed until the reign of the Roman Emperor Hadrian in the 2nd century AD some 638 years after the project had begun. During the Roman periods it was renowned as the largest temple in Greece and housed one of the largest cult statues in the ancient world.

Philopappos Monument

Is an ancient Greek mausoleum and monument dedicated to Gaius Julius Antiochus Epiphanes Philopappos or Philopappus (65–116 AD) a prince from the Kingdom of Commagene.It is located on Mouseion Hill in Athens,Greece,southwest of the Acropolis.Philopappos died in 116,and his death caused great grief to his sister Julia Balbilla,citizens of Athens and possibly to the imperial family.As a dedication to honor the memory of Philopappos, Balbilla with the citizens of Athens erected a tomb structure on Mouseion Hill near the Acropolis of Athens.His marble tomb monument is still known as the Philopappos Monument, and the hill is today known as Philopappos Hill.

National Archaeological Museum

In Athens houses some of the most important artifacts from a variety of archaeological locations around Greece from prehistory to late antiquity.It is considered one of the great museums in the world and contains the richest collection of artifacts from Greek antiquity worldwide.It is situated in the Exarhia area in central Athens between Epirus Street, Bouboulinas Street and Tositsas Street while its entrance is on the Patission Street adjacent to the historical building of the Athens Polytechnic.

Odeon of Herodes Atticus

Is a stone theatre structure located on the south slope of the Acropolis of Athens. It was built in 161 AD by Herodes Atticus in memory of his wife, Aspasia Annia Regilla. It was originally a steep-sloped amphitheater with a three-story stone front wall and a wooden roof, and was used as a venue for music concerts with a capacity of 5,000.Andrea Bocelli gave a concert at the Odeon of Herod Atticus, in September 2010, attended by George Papandreou, the prime minister of Greece and Archbishop Ieronymos II of Athens, among others. All proceeds were donated to help cure cancer.

Old Acropolis Museum

was an archaeological museum located in Athens,Greece on the archeological site of Acropolis.It is built in a niche at the eastern edge of the rock and most of it lies beneath the level of the hilltop, making it largely invisible.It was considered one of the major archaeological museums in Athens. Due to its limited size,the Greek Government decided in the late 1980s to build a new museum.The New Acropolis Museum is now built at the foot of the Acropolis.In June 2007 the old museum closed its doors so that its antiquities could be moved to their new home,which opened on 20 June 2009.

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